How To Replace Grass In Photoshop

By Jonathan Pagaduan Ignas. Google Search Forum. How to Remove Text From an Image in Photoshop | eHow. How to Replace Snap-On Tools. Learn how to change the sky color in Photoshop CC18 in this tutorial and take your photos from dull to vibrant. This tutorial will focus more on how to achieve the style, rather than learning illustration theory or modeling. Replace Color in Photoshop Elements: Overview You can replace color in Photoshop Elements by using the "Replace Color" command. Figure 3 shows the sketch lines for the dunes in the painting. Using patterns in Adobe Photoshop is a technique for adding repeating elements to a selection or layer. Adobe Photoshop is the tool of choice for most high-end photo retouchers. Photo, sketch and paint effects. Lightroom: How To Do Selective Coloring Selective coloring a photo allows photographers to emphasize certain parts of a photo and make backgrounds even more diminished. Crop, rotate and resize pictures with ease. For instance, when it’s a cold day and you crank your heat up. Achieving a realistic render can be a challenging task, especially when re-creating a real-world object or scene. Show your appreciation by donating, tweeting, and following!. After loading, Hold press on the pic. Go to Format menu under Picture Tools and look for Rotate button. This blur contains an Effects tab that allows you to create bokeh out of the bright areas of the images. group module) As with most GRASS raster modules, the current region extents and region resolution are used, and a MASK is respected if present. The best way to avoid this from happening is to study the light and how it’s falling on your subject, and if you notice make changes like moving your subject to another location. Next, change the color of the texture to a darker brown than the first rectangle. If you are designing a poster, product packaging, social media card or just for fun, glass text is sure to impress. Land in the Second Life world has four elevation ranges, and requires a texture map for each of them. I had bermuda grass and dallas grass both of which I hated mixed in with my tall fescue. these are a set of 23 free photoshop brushes made from the png files of that set. Change background coloring - Pick out the paint bucket tool from the left menu and the background layer. Setup Your File. You should complete each tutorial before moving on to the next as each builds on its predecessor. But for now, the eraser will work just fine. Put the brush presets you have downloaded into the folder Photoshop\Presets\Brushes in the Adobe folder in Program Files if you use Windows or in Applications if you use Mac. For the wall on the right just duplicate “Wall Texture: Left” rename it to “Wall Texture: Right” and drag it using our Move Tool (V) to the right. GRASS GIS, commonly referred to as GRASS (Geographic Resources Analysis Support System), is a free and open source Geographic Information System (GIS) software suite used for geospatial data management and analysis, image processing, graphics and maps production, spatial modeling, and visualization. I want to show you a couple different ways to make your line work a little smoother in Illustrator. SCALING AND ROTATING IMAGE. In the “Replace Color” dialog box, choose either the “Selection” or “Image” option buttons in the “Selection” section. Causes of Stress Cracks. You can safely ignore using the “Refine Mask” tool in the Mask Panel if your results are as poor as this one. Open the image where your overlay will be applied. On the top of the Layers panel you will see the word “normal” this is the layer blending mode. As you should for any new layer created in Photoshop, rename the texture layer. Now adjusting the colors in the curves tool play around with the colors and this will get. Helpful Photoshop tutorial to learn how to use Photoshop layers, the Web-Safe Color Palette, Marquee Tool, Paintbucket Tool, resize images, and other features with Photoshop while making a Webpage, Web site background graphic for the Web. One with a small size to make a sharp shadows (and provide. The list covers everything from 3D product design, text effects, poster art all that’s in between. 99+ LUTs Cinematic Color Grading Pack by IWLTBAP. Add picture frames and borders. Does anybody have suggestion on how to Photoshop in some green grass to replace dead grass on this football field? (pic resized for web). How to change Grass color in photoshop 7. Make cuts 6 to 12 inches long and about 3 inches deep on three sides of a patch of grass. Using patterns in Adobe Photoshop is a technique for adding repeating elements to a selection or layer. Select the layer containing the image or part of the image you want to copy. In Photoshop if you want to delete part of the image you just change the brush for your eraser tool and with one click all the area exactly like the brush will be removed from the layer. Use a mask to mask out the effect on anything other than grass. Here is a workaround and alternative means of placing your overlay, and the steps to show you how to use overlays in Photoshop: How to Use Overlays in Photoshop. Aperture: Tips on working with Photoshop. Now I want to start by saying use caution regarding altering anything in a real estate listing as this may not be. Check out more tutorials on the site to master the various tools and features that this powerful freeware has to offer. The brushes are fully customizable, so you can change any brush parameters as you like to achieve the desired results. Be sure to check off as you go along. Go to Edit > Preset Manager. Grass Replacement / Repair is a subject I get asked about time after time. Resources for Adobe Photoshop CC, Creative Cloud, CS6, CS5, CS4, CS3, CS2, CS, Photoshop 7, Photoshop Elements. As soon as you click, the tool and cursor will change to a circle with a + in the middle. The grass in the image (and everything else that is green) will get strangely colored – that is indeed intended. With the 2017 updates to Adobe® Photoshop® CC®, using brushes has become even easier. After you created one grass clump, everything else can’t be easier. The Color Replacement tool allows you to replace the original color of an image with the foreground color. Use the key combos " [" and "]" for changing the size of the brush dynamically. Use a sod cutter to take out the old grass at the roots. Though they may appear complex on the surface, they are relatively easy to create. Ready-To-Use Garden Grass Killer Ortho Grass B Gon Garden Grass Killer is Ortho Grass B Gon Garden Grass Killer is a ready-to-use selective systemic grass killer that can be used to kill existing weedy grasses in and around ground covers plant beds landscapes individual shrubs and trees. Click the Link layers button at the foot of the palette. In fact, with the release of 2. Discover more every day. There are 20 undo levels or history states available by default in Photoshop per document. Start by making a few adjustments in Aperture including straightening the image, adjusting the blue color of the sky, and adding some vibrancy: Before sending the image to be edited in Photoshop, make sure that the export settings are correct in Aperture > Settings > Export. This brief life means culms are ready for harvest and suitable for use in construction within about three to seven years. The brushes are fully customizable, so you can change any brush parameters as you like to achieve the desired results. For that ring you need some panorama texture, do alpha mask (its not issue with photoshop, its way of creating transparent textures in ue). Just remember this only give you the absolute size in terms of pixels. Find quality service, superior products and helpful advice for all your home improvement needs at Lowe's. Learn how to change the sky color in Photoshop CC18 in this tutorial and take your photos from dull to vibrant. I am sure that you will find plenty of creative ways to customize this Photoshop manipulation with lots of Christmas items. It's a really. If you’re already familiar with Photoshop, it’s super accessible. This type of image cannot be saved as a. Rake up all the thatch and dump it into a wheelbarrow. Even though automatic methods didn’t yield perfect results in case of example image, there are cases when they are sufficient so it’s good to know them. For example, we used +30 for every added material. Take plain skies from boring to beautiful with this Free Sunset Sky Overlay for Photoshop & Elements. The first method involves using an existing photo, and matching that into the scene, while the second method consists of painting in the blades of grass with the Photoshop brush tool. Pure Photoshop Actions. Paint blades of grass in the foreground, using single clicks. Another option for clearing the area is to spray the lawn with a non-selective herbicide, which kills both grass and broadleaf plants. Here is a workaround and alternative means of placing your overlay, and the steps to show you how to use overlays in Photoshop: How to Use Overlays in Photoshop. In Argentina, where Mexican feathergrass is native, it is regarded as an unpalatable grass (Moretto & Distel 1998). Strong sunlight can often make grass appear overly bright or saturated, giving it sort of a neon green appearance. Grass snakes are found throughout England and Wales. The Photoshop frames will download to your computer in a compressed zip file containing all 50 borders and frames. A bit better way is making sphere and cutting out south half, then most of north part from top. Zoysia grass is a combination of several different species of creeping grasses which are usually native to Asia. The first method involves using an existing photo, and matching that into the scene, while the second method consists of painting in the blades of grass with the Photoshop brush tool. Steps to quickly copy objects in photoshop: 1. From here we show you how to adjust highlights, mid tones, and Shadows separately. Push the grass at the bottom of the fence down with the cardboard, enabling you to reach the bottom. Beaches/Creeks/Rivers: Depending on an area, I use one sand blended with dirt and different grasses. " In Lightroom, simply scroll to the HSL/Color/B&W adjustment box in Develop and click on "All. This tutorial will focus more on how to achieve the style, rather than learning illustration theory or modeling. Hopefully here provided tips and tircks about image editing lightroom and five correcting overexposed and underexposed images seems to me sound wonderful and without having such tricks it is almost impossible to get good images. Use Canva's drag-and-drop feature and layouts to design, share and print business cards, logos, presentations and more. You can also open the photo by dragging it to the Photoshop field. How To Install Brushes in GIMP The GIMP (GNU Image Manipulation Program) is a popular, lightweight and free application which is an antidote to heavyweight, costly graphic design and photo-editing packages such as Photoshop. How to Remove Color Casts in Photos Using Curves in. Grass B Gon 24 oz. im the guy in green. 32 Planetary Moon Brushes 1840557. Causes of Stress Cracks. Is anyone able to remove all the other people in the pic and replace it with just grass?lol I was ashamed to ask my family to move for the pic. Coloring a photo isn’t nearly as hard as you might think. jpg and we must change it into a 8 bit image. 5,239 Views Save Report Similar Photo Effects youtube. I favor the gold finish over silver or bronze. Then press the down arrow once and the right arrow once and fill it again, then repeat over and over until you get an effect like that shown. Drag the Amount slider to the right to change the color of more edge pixels, or to the left to change fewer. I also can't seem to figure out the Vector Transform node. Set of 10 excellent clouds Adobe Photoshop Brushes, enjoy!. Download now the free PSD most popular on Freepik. Architecture Rendering – Quick Realistic Grass in Sketchup (Tutorial) When talking about photorealistic architecture renderings, one of the key elements is the use of vegetation – simply to bring life your scenery…. That’s good, that’s really good input of you. And this is also quite a bit cheaper than replacing your hair. 70+ channels, unlimited DVR storage space, & 6 accounts for your home all in one great price. Now retouch the lighter yellow strands of grass to hide the fact that it’s the same image information as elsewhere in the image. In the toolbox,. They think it's deceptive because it's not what it looked like when you took the picture. Photoshop Spot Healing This tutorial shows you how to spot heal blemishes in the skin, you can use this for stray hairs on the skin as well. Now, you can see your UV map appearing on the top of the image texture. While the Edge Detection in Photoshop can be very useful, it’s not a magic, one-size fits all solution. The computer struggles to mask out the proper parts of the butterfly and properly isolate the object. Follow along as we show you five simple and lightning fast steps you can take to transform your plain. Layer styles can help you customize the whole appearance quickly and introduce drastic effects. If you choose a really thin font, it may be difficult to see the texture within the text. Magic & Light Collection is a third party developer of products that are for use with Adobe® software (photo editing software). The Background Eraser tool is different from the Eraser tool. In fact, with the release of 2. Do I change the transparency? If so, how. Photoshop Actions Photo Effects Adobe Photoshop Post-Processing Photography Workflow Actions capture all of the steps needed to transform a file and let you apply them with just one click. However, in Photoshop CS6, Content-Aware was introduced to the Patch Tool. Find a step-by-step tutorial to change the sky color and to make the sky red in Photoshop. I used to create grass with polka-dotted brushes that faded out as I stroked across the canvas. Change Color Tint Free Online Photo Editor. You can safely ignore using the “Refine Mask” tool in the Mask Panel if your results are as poor as this one. This blur contains an Effects tab that allows you to create bokeh out of the bright areas of the images. It adds warmth and a nice patina and contrast to the furnishings in a room – plus it is classic – always be in style. Shiny, see through, glassy, transparent text definitely has its place. The brushes are fully customizable, so you can change any brush parameters as you like to achieve the desired results. Achieving a realistic render can be a challenging task, especially when re-creating a real-world object or scene. How to Extend a Background in Photoshop. Grass and foliage has a tendency to. Then click OK. You can experiment with different eye replacements to find the best results. Link the two new layers. This tutorial covers my entire process for how to draw a map – from start to finish. Check several areas and estimate the number of grubs per square foot in the lawn. Say thanks to Simon. Then press the down arrow once and the right arrow once and fill it again, then repeat over and over until you get an effect like that shown. But it usually works well for simple tasks and is such an easy tool to use that it's worth giving it a try before moving on to more advanced and time consuming methods. Since 2012, the leading creator of Innovative, professional and high-quality Photoshop Actions and Lightroom Presets for Photographers. Photoshop 7, CS-CS6, CC Photoshop Elements 2+ GIMP 2. With feathery flower spikes that emerge reddish-brown in spring and turn golden to buff in fall, it adds a lovely accent to naturalist, craftsman, or prarie gardens. and then change the resolution of the image to 72 or 96 ppi using Image > Image Size (by resampling it). To replace color in Photoshop Elements, select “Enhance| Adjust Color| Replace Color…” from the Menu Bar. Let's get started! Love text effects?. If you painted the stroke on an existing layer instead, undo your work until you reach the point just before the stroke was painted, use Photoshop's retouching tools to repair the damage, or reload the image and start editing again from scratch. Drag the corner handle to resize and reposition the sky. So Ctrl-click the grass layer and then in a new layer below, fill it with black. For example by cloning from areas that are horizontally next to the objects in the image below, we can be sure that the height of the grass and colour will be the correct match. move the mouse down and select 'reset brushes',. For instance, when it’s a cold day and you crank your heat up. March 5, 2014. Switch to the Move Tool [V]. I blend them together to create an image of live grass. This past spring I shot on location for a fashion magazine that was to showcase clothes for the autumn/winter outerwear trend. But you know Photoshop have already brought you some. You can safely ignore using the “Refine Mask” tool in the Mask Panel if your results are as poor as this one. Drag the sky layer between the two image layers. They think it's deceptive because it's not what it looked like when you took the picture. Use a bold thick font to see more of the texture. If you choose to spray, follow label instructions. The full size. Create beautiful designs with your team. I think that was about 15 steps of filling. An e-cigarette is demonstrated at a vape store in Chicago. Most of these are from the front angle, but see the tip below for how to apply them to various angles of faces, as well as how to add emotions to them. Here is how I did it. Photoshop's Color Replacement Tool is not the most professional way to change colors in an image, and it won't always give you the results you need. While I don’t necessarily agree with that, it is a fact. Our creators love hearing from you and seeing how you’ve used their photos. For instance if you are uploading this to Artstation you will need to convert it into a. Each week, Adobe Create Magazine features innovative artists and shines a spotlight on creative work in photography, design, video, illustration, and more. The dallas grass still looked a little green so I shot it again. That is why we have decided to periodically resurrect some of our older posts for you all to enjoy. When you click an area of skin in the photo, Photoshop Elements adjusts the skin tone—as well as all other colors in the photo. Then look at layer - compress image and replicate the process and save it in the Photoshop PDF format. Grass B Gon 24 oz. This is the second of three tutorials concerning the exporting of SketchUp models to other applications as 2D graphics. But you can learn how to add a pattern to Photoshop CS5 so that you can begin using the pattern immediately. Click Open. Now that you’ve learned the basics of paths, discover how to create them in the next tutorial, Drawing with Photoshop’s Pen tool. Filed Under: Paths and the Pen Tool Tagged With: corners , curves , direction handles , paths , pen tool , points , straight lines. Five or fewer grubs per square foot are not a problem for a healthy lawn. In this winter Photoshop tutorials you will learn how to add realistic snowfall effect using snow brushes and filters. These actions are specifically designed for real estate photographers and they let you easily enhance white walls, make cloudy skies look blue, and much more. How to replace dead grass. For Tumblr, Facebook, Chromebook or WebSites. But, as long as you are still planning to work on the image, keep all the layers. This tutorial is courtesy of the Russell Brown Show. Here’s how to whisk them away! When using zoom lenses, even without a tele-extender, I can get an image that shows chromatic. We will use the Create a new work path option as this the most commonly used. Save will replace the original image, so make sure you like the changes you've made. In mid to late summer, fountain grass bears bottlebrush spikes, and its bright green foliage turns golden brown in the fall. So my today’s post aims to provide you a comprehensive collection of high-quality 3D effects Photoshop tutorials. The Clone Stamp tool is used for pixel-to-pixel cloning in Adobe Photoshop Creative Suite 5. The brush isn’t painting at all, or it’s painting in a way you aren. Photoshop used the black and whites of the displacement map to distort the layer, giving the impression that it’s ‘part of the wall’. For example, using a concrete background texture can change the composition of the whole picture entirely. Size the sky layer, if necessary, so it is big enough to replace the unwanted sky in the original image. In this tutorial, I am going to make a list of common PHP array functions with examples of usage and best practices. If you don’t know half a dozen techniques or more to create a usable selection, your toolbox of skills is unnecessarily limited. Photoshop CC For Dummies. Navigate to the Artistic category and select Dry Brush, then change the settings to 10 Brush Size, 10 Brush Detail and 1 Texture. This tutorial will focus more on how to achieve the style, rather than learning illustration theory or modeling. Click this link to view. Effectively you are disabling the diffuse color (pure black) and then by setting refraction to pure white you make is 100% transparent. Change to “Screen Blending” Mode. I’ll go over three Photoshop. If you prefer your tutorials written you can find the text version of this tutorial at the Fotolia blog here. Posted August 5, 2018 | by aidownload | in Brushes And Gradient Photoshop. In this case I’m illustrating a simple town map, but the steps apply to any map. Lesson 4: How to Replace the Color of an Object in Pixlr Getting Started 1) Open Pixlr Advance 2) Open an image that you want Lesson 1: Basics of Pixlr and Crop What is Pixlr. Add picture frames and borders. Now retouch the lighter yellow strands of grass to hide the fact that it’s the same image information as elsewhere in the image. This past spring I shot on location for a fashion magazine that was to showcase clothes for the autumn/winter outerwear trend. A great skill to have as a video editor (and general video creator) is to know how to use green screen footage. This is a collection of 32 Moon brushes from all over our solar system to help bring your night sky to life. When the image comes into Photoshop it comes in at default as a 32 bit image. The set includes leaves, branches, grass, flowers, ribbons, banners, watercolor textures, different objects, swirls and splatters. GRASS GIS, commonly referred to as GRASS (Geographic Resources Analysis Support System), is a free and open source Geographic Information System (GIS) software suite used for geospatial data management and analysis, image processing, graphics and maps production, spatial modeling, and visualization. Obviously, the text needs to be blended in with the wall. The good news is you can remove it in a jiffy with the patch tool in Photoshop. The Blend If feature in Photoshop blends one layer into another based on the content of either of the two layers. The Adjust Color For Skin Tone command adjusts the overall color in a photo to bring out more natural skin tones. If you missed the first three, they were creating: Water Texture, Wood Texture and Stone Texture. The grasses that cover the dunes require a brush that will draw the grass in a single stroke. These were initially small panes leaded together, but with the changes in technology, glass could be manufactured relatively cheaply. You can choose the color from the Swatches panel (Window > Swatches). A pattern is something like lace, or anything with a design on it. Create a Supernova and a Ringed Planet. This tutorial is courtesy of the Russell Brown Show. (Pre Photoshop CC 2019 – Hold down the Shift Key to constrain proportions). Then click OK. Ready-To-Use Garden Grass Killer Ortho Grass B Gon Garden Grass Killer is Ortho Grass B Gon Garden Grass Killer is a ready-to-use selective systemic grass killer that can be used to kill existing weedy grasses in and around ground covers plant beds landscapes individual shrubs and trees. An alternative way to increase brush size is to press the right bracket key several times. 70+ channels, unlimited DVR storage space, & 6 accounts for your home all in one great price. 8, Gimpshop has become preferred software for photo & image editing among more professionals than ever. To decrease brush size, press the left bracket key several times. You can mirror any image using the flip options. Now you can access it from the Gradient tool or by going to Layer > New Fill Layer > Gradient. How to paint a Nebula Star effect in Adobe Photoshop. Beaches/Creeks/Rivers: Depending on an area, I use one sand blended with dirt and different grasses. In the pop-up window, click "Face Off" submenu, and then tick off "Apply jump cut at Beats to the clip" checkbox. So my today’s post aims to provide you a comprehensive collection of high-quality 3D effects Photoshop tutorials. It's a really. And one such possibility is creating 3D effects. There are 20 undo levels or history states available by default in Photoshop per document. How to Photoshop grass with the clone tool. Download now the free PSD most popular on Freepik. Design Ideas This low growing ornamental grass is colorful and ever changing. Here’s how to go about it: Use a utility knife, scraper, chisel, or 5-in-1 painter’s tool to remove the old glazing and metal fasteners around the broken pane. I've been trying to convert photoshop brushes to png files, so that Sketchbook Pro 2011 would accept them. Individual bamboo culms do not get any taller or larger in diameter in subsequent years than they do in their first year, and they do not replace any growth lost from pruning or natural breakage. Other than the sun, the grass also pops out in this photo because it’s on the bottom-right point of interest. Select the Brush Tool (B) and with a small brush mask the bottom part of the tree to mix it with the grass. As soon as you click, the tool and cursor will change to a circle with a + in the middle. From this point on, everything you do will be recorded, so keep an eye on the Actions  panel. Make the selection exclude the grass areas in between the chassis and the gap in between the. The Photoshop frames will download to your computer in a compressed zip file containing all 50 borders and frames. We’ll start with a black and white image. The dallas grass still looked a little green so I shot it again. Photoshop Tutorial - Superb Grass Color How to. How to Remove Color Casts in Photos Using Curves in. Set the Hue, Saturation and Lightness to change the green tones into winter colors. A Climate Change Concept Image. The Grass Essentials is a pack of grass models and particle systems, that you can quickly import to any scene to have beautiful grass. This blur contains an Effects tab that allows you to create bokeh out of the bright areas of the images. Shop for appliances, paint, patio furniture, tools, flooring, hardware and more at Lowes. Zoysia grass is a combination of several different species of creeping grasses which are usually native to Asia. MCP™ Actions provides interactive online training classes and free Photoshop video tutorials. In Argentina, where Mexican feathergrass is native, it is regarded as an unpalatable grass (Moretto & Distel 1998). Find expert advice along with How To videos and articles, including instructions on how to make, cook, grow, or do almost anything. Grass is a perfect example. Now open the image in the Photoshop and go to image adjustments. Click this link to view. In this Photoshop Tutorial, I'll quickly show you how to replace this sky without making any selections. Show your appreciation by donating, tweeting, and following!. Then look at layer - compress image and replicate the process and save it in the Photoshop PDF format. $\endgroup$ – Gh0stRunner Jun 25 '16 at 19:35 $\begingroup$ Updated the answer above, the Vector Mapping node should affect all axis, make sure your texture is set to Box mapping. To open it in Adobe Photoshop click on the “File”. Learning how to wield and apply textures effectively will really open up your level of skill and proficiency in Photoshop. Choose Cmd/Ctrl+T for free transform. Simple way to change photo background online! You may think that editing photo background is a task for expert users only. This mini open-air tabletop garden is a fun and easy way to add a little greenery to any indoor space. Causes of Stress Cracks. Today’s article points out a harsh but true reality: just because you know how to use Photoshop for design work doesn’t mean you know how to edit photos. Now we are ready to mirror the image in PowerPoint. How to completely remove a program from a Mac. The first method involves using an existing photo, and matching that into the scene, while the second method consists of painting in the blades of grass with the Photoshop brush tool. Lunapics Image software free image, art & animated Gif creator. I do hope in this tutorial, you will not only learn about the Vray pool water material, but also how the UV mapping works in Vray SketchUp. Placing the sky at left as a layer beneath the city scene resulted in the photo below. Winter Snow Text Effect in Photoshop. Now adjusting the colors in the curves tool play around with the colors and this will get. Choose Auto Hide & Show to leave more room for your images until you need the panels. How To Fix dull colors in Photoshop. Show your appreciation by donating, tweeting, and following!. An alternative way to increase brush size is to press the right bracket key several times. Open your image in Lightroom, Photoshop, Elements or whatever raw processor you use. Anything higher will create a very choppy animation. Start by making a few adjustments in Aperture including straightening the image, adjusting the blue color of the sky, and adding some vibrancy: Before sending the image to be edited in Photoshop, make sure that the export settings are correct in Aperture > Settings > Export. April 10, 2013 Previously this was only possible in Photoshop but with Lightroom 3 or 4 you are now able to pull it off. In this tutorial, I’ll show you how you can remove harsh highlights in portraits without affecting the shadow detail in minutes. Free Photoshop Styles and Effects for Commercial Use. The main theory will work with Elements, but some of the specific adjustment layers are not available. In fact, with the release of 2. If you chose the Replace Brushes command, Photoshop will remove any existing brushes from the Brushes palette, leaving you with only the newly loaded set. Get the most out of Google with the latest additions to Search. Mostly female, but with a few male eyebrows in there, as well. This quick tutorial on how to rotate Photoshop brushes to any angle you need will save you even more time than you think. In this two-part tutorial, you learn how to build and render a realistic glass of water, complete with accurate caustics in Maya. Huh, Associated Press file) How to vape using a vape pen: Tips on getting the most out of a marijuana vaporizer. • Turn off other applications. To manually check for the update, on Start, swipe over to the All apps list, then select Settings > Update. I think that was about 15 steps of filling. Here's one quick, nondestructive method of changing the color of grass. We hope these shapes will come in handy. The fact-checkers, whose work is more and more important for those who prefer facts over lies, police the line between fact and falsehood on a day-to-day basis, and do a great job. Today, my small contribution is to pass along a very good overview that reflects on one of Trump’s favorite overarching falsehoods. Namely: Trump describes an America in which everything was going down the tubes under  Obama, which is why we needed Trump to make America great again. And he claims that this project has come to fruition, with America setting records for prosperity under his leadership and guidance. “Obama bad; Trump good” is pretty much his analysis in all areas and measurement of U.S. activity, especially economically. Even if this were true, it would reflect poorly on Trump’s character, but it has the added problem of being false, a big lie made up of many small ones. Personally, I don’t assume that all economic measurements directly reflect the leadership of whoever occupies the Oval Office, nor am I smart enough to figure out what causes what in the economy. But the idea that presidents get the credit or the blame for the economy during their tenure is a political fact of life. Trump, in his adorable, immodest mendacity, not only claims credit for everything good that happens in the economy, but tells people, literally and specifically, that they have to vote for him even if they hate him, because without his guidance, their 401(k) accounts “will go down the tubes.” That would be offensive even if it were true, but it is utterly false. The stock market has been on a 10-year run of steady gains that began in 2009, the year Barack Obama was inaugurated. But why would anyone care about that? It’s only an unarguable, stubborn fact. Still, speaking of facts, there are so many measurements and indicators of how the economy is doing, that those not committed to an honest investigation can find evidence for whatever they want to believe. Trump and his most committed followers want to believe that everything was terrible under Barack Obama and great under Trump. That’s baloney. Anyone who believes that believes something false. And a series of charts and graphs published Monday in the Washington Post and explained by Economics Correspondent Heather Long provides the data that tells the tale. The details are complicated. Click through to the link above and you’ll learn much. But the overview is pretty simply this: The U.S. economy had a major meltdown in the last year of the George W. Bush presidency. Again, I’m not smart enough to know how much of this was Bush’s “fault.” But he had been in office for six years when the trouble started. So, if it’s ever reasonable to hold a president accountable for the performance of the economy, the timeline is bad for Bush. GDP growth went negative. Job growth fell sharply and then went negative. Median household income shrank. The Dow Jones Industrial Average dropped by more than 5,000 points! U.S. manufacturing output plunged, as did average home values, as did average hourly wages, as did measures of consumer confidence and most other indicators of economic health. (Backup for that is contained in the Post piece I linked to above.) Barack Obama inherited that mess of falling numbers, which continued during his first year in office, 2009, as he put in place policies designed to turn it around. By 2010, Obama’s second year, pretty much all of the negative numbers had turned positive. By the time Obama was up for reelection in 2012, all of them were headed in the right direction, which is certainly among the reasons voters gave him a second term by a solid (not landslide) margin. Basically, all of those good numbers continued throughout the second Obama term. The U.S. GDP, probably the single best measure of how the economy is doing, grew by 2.9 percent in 2015, which was Obama’s seventh year in office and was the best GDP growth number since before the crash of the late Bush years. GDP growth slowed to 1.6 percent in 2016, which may have been among the indicators that supported Trump’s campaign-year argument that everything was going to hell and only he could fix it. During the first year of Trump, GDP growth grew to 2.4 percent, which is decent but not great and anyway, a reasonable person would acknowledge that — to the degree that economic performance is to the credit or blame of the president — the performance in the first year of a new president is a mixture of the old and new policies. In Trump’s second year, 2018, the GDP grew 2.9 percent, equaling Obama’s best year, and so far in 2019, the growth rate has fallen to 2.1 percent, a mediocre number and a decline for which Trump presumably accepts no responsibility and blames either Nancy Pelosi, Ilhan Omar or, if he can swing it, Barack Obama. I suppose it’s natural for a president to want to take credit for everything good that happens on his (or someday her) watch, but not the blame for anything bad. Trump is more blatant about this than most. If we judge by his bad but remarkably steady approval ratings (today, according to the average maintained by 538.com, it’s 41.9 approval/ 53.7 disapproval) the pretty-good economy is not winning him new supporters, nor is his constant exaggeration of his accomplishments costing him many old ones). I already offered it above, but the full Washington Post workup of these numbers, and commentary/explanation by economics correspondent Heather Long, are here. On a related matter, if you care about what used to be called fiscal conservatism, which is the belief that federal debt and deficit matter, here’s a New York Times analysis, based on Congressional Budget Office data, suggesting that the annual budget deficit (that’s the amount the government borrows every year reflecting that amount by which federal spending exceeds revenues) which fell steadily during the Obama years, from a peak of $1.4 trillion at the beginning of the Obama administration, to $585 billion in 2016 (Obama’s last year in office), will be back up to $960 billion this fiscal year, and back over $1 trillion in 2020. (Here’s the New York Times piece detailing those numbers.) Trump is currently floating various tax cuts for the rich and the poor that will presumably worsen those projections, if passed. As the Times piece reported: