How To Read Outlook Email Using Selenium

Summary: Microsoft Scripting Guy, Ed Wilson, shows how to use Windows PowerShell to data mine your Microsoft Outlook Inbox. Set up IMAP and change your SMTP settings to read Gmail messages in other mail clients, like Microsoft Outlook and Apple Mail. The commands being implemented are communicated via HTTP, so there isn't strictly a need for a browser interface just to test the api's, but certain functionality requires doing stuff on the device, then going to a different website and verifying some side effects (e. File Formats Used in the Framework: Properties file – We use properties file to store and retrieve the UI elements of an application or a website and data set file paths. I have Query in selenium. Selenium can be used in conjunction with C# and Nunit to build robust automated test cases. By default, a Selenium test will have a maximum run time of 600 seconds (10 minutes). Enter the email, username and password. I want to check when an email has been received in a shared mailbox and when it was responded (even when more than one conversation has taken place with respect to one email). Once your email accounts are set up and ready, you can start using Outlook and exploring all of its functions. Is their any free or inexpensive programs available (and simple to use)?. 4 Your company might provide you with Outlook on the web. SOLVED: How to Read Other Staffs Email Using Office365 Hosted Exchange May 11, 2014 May 11, 2014 If you are the manager of a company, you may have a time when you need to review what your staff are doing. Besides, how many companies using real Selenium WebDriver alternatives can you name?. In order to write UI tests with Selenium WebDriver you need to be able to identify web page elements fast and in an accurate way. Email for Java is built using managed code that does not need Microsoft Office or Microsoft Outlook to be installed on the machine to work with emails processing. But Outlook rule can't realize it. The problem is that as I step through emails, they get marked as having been read, even though I may not have actually read them. Python - Read Outlook Email and Save Embedded Attachments I was struggling with this for days, so I figured I should post the code so others can see how to do it. no email address in the form. Then you run the script, outlook mail merge attachment, which adds an attachment to all emails in the Outbox. Selenium Webdriver Encrypting and Decrypting a password/string in Core Java!!! 12:04 AM 1 Comments For Security reasons, most of the companies has restriction that security information like passwords should not written any where in the programs or xls file in plain text format. 7 billion email users, Outlook is actually the #5 most popular email client. And the failure of this process may corrupt your Outlook PST files. How to Send an Email using Excel Macro from Gmail or Yahoo. Other web-based, IMAP, and mobile clients will vary in functionality. 2 minute read. Tom Colletti. I want to know how to use outlook to test mails (the mail has a link that needs to be clicked to approve or deny the request). Use Outlook 2010 and Microsoft RMS to Secure Emails [How-To] complex. How to delete emails from the server (I use Earthlink Mail) after they have been downloaded to my laptop, iPad and iPhone and still keep on the latter?. To determine Store Folder location click Store Folder button at Tools>Options>Maintenance in Outlook Express. Set up your spam filters to be restrictive, and check your spam folder periodically for legitimate messages. 5 stars in the Chrome Store. 5 Selenium Webdriver with Java Courses for Tester In this article, we'll mostly focus on Selenium with Java driver. How to use ChromeDriver ? 8. when you start e-mail marketing , You need opt-in email address list. Help for Yahoo Account Select the product you need help with and find a solution. ost viewer software, but not convenience. 0 you use the waitFor() method to wait for a page element to become available. Picked by PCWorld's Editors. Nano-selenium and its nanomedicine applications: a critical review. On request submission, an email is sent by SharePoint to Administrator group about the request submission. Cortana can also now help you. People use it for personal and office purposes sending emails to friends, family, colleagues and teammates. tools will read your Outlook emails aloud Outlook users on iPhone and iPad will be able to have Cortana read out emails using natural language technology. Our automated Selenium tests run in a fraction of the time it takes to manually test our components, so we can spend more time building great user experiences. These are also accessible when viewing an email. You can use Selenium to scrape iframes by switching to the frame you want to scrape. Here's how to read emails from Outlook using C#. The hardest one I had was sending an e-mail with GMail. You can use MS Outlook to send emails to SMS text messages to close the gap. Sync works with these and many other compatible CRMs. Eliminate the Need for Outlook Read Receipt: Email Tracking for Outlook. Instant access to 2000+ browsers and real iOS and Android devices for cross browser testing. At times, XPath may change dynamically and we need to handle the elements while writing scripts. In late 1971, Tomlinson created the first ARPANET email application when he updated SNDMSG by adding a program called CPYNET capable of copying files over the network, and informed his colleagues by sending them an email using the new program with instructions on how to use it. Certain senders or email types, such as. We will see three different scenarios with Selenium Scripts for the execution of Iframe. com & verify if i have received the Email in my INBOX OR Not. At a simple level, you can use MSWord or MSExcel to manage your lists. To read notes you need to find the “Record ID” of the record using Record Reference and then use that to filter the Record Link table and then convert value in the blob field (Note) into readable text. You have opt-in list. Must Read: How to Parse Outlook Emails and Show it in Excel Worksheet using VBA To get access to Outlook methods and properties, we have to create an instance of Outlook. Office 365. It is also the core technology in countless other browser automation tools, APIs and frameworks. Click the Programs tab. We hope this article helped you learn how to send an email using SharePoint workflow and utilize all the features available to you. I have Query in selenium. There's another way to use color and you won't need to trick Outlook: In this article, I'll show you how to apply a conditional formatting rule to use color to identify incoming Outlook messages. Please bear in mind that it is not necessary to have the application open. The course contains a lot of real-life examples and situations to demonstrate how to use Selenium WebDriver effectively. With our Outlook add-in project created we'll first turn our attention to determining when the user marked the message as read or opened it in the reading pane and moved on to another email. Name the file and click “OK. Creating a Test Automation Framework is a challenging task due to following reasons: Test framework design and the coding of that design requires significant time and effort Test framework must be easy to expand and maintain Test framework should be independent of application Test design should remove most testers from the complexities of the test…. Rated as one of the best free web-based email services by About. Hi Folks, I am trying to read my outlook e-mail with the subject line "Automation" and process further with custom script. Selenium has the support of some of the largest browser vendors who have taken (or are taking) steps to make Selenium a native part of their browser. // The mailman object is used for sending and receiving email. The commands being implemented are communicated via HTTP, so there isn't strictly a need for a browser interface just to test the api's, but certain functionality requires doing stuff on the device, then going to a different website and verifying some side effects (e. Net and saving an attachme; Reading MS Outlook e-mails. Handle File upload popup in Selenium Webdriver handle file upload popup in selenium webdriver. Keep the Outlook account selected and by default "Send as Reply" will be checked which is recommended if you want to your follow-up emails to work. USING MICROSOFT OUTLOOK 2016 easy way to access your e-mail using a web browser. Scenario: We have an excel based reporting template. If you are going to build an app or and addin for Outlook, you will need to read the mails. The default port using SMTP is 25 , but it may vary different Mail Servers. Now we’ll explore how you can send responsive HTML emails right from Outlook without having to use 3rd party applications that take you out of Outlook or unreliable workarounds. In this case you can search Google for “SMTP for developers”. Set up an email account in Outlook. Write a program that takes an email address and string of text on the command line and then, using Selenium, logs into your email account and sends an email of the string to the provided address. You can write this code in a button click event or in page load event. Changing to data-bind*=’{0}: {1}’] changes the search with contains. Get a free email account from Inbox. dat with the email. Implicit wait in Selenium 3. ost files by using Outlook. Go from emailing and chatting to making video and voice calls, right from your inbox. At times, XPath may change dynamically and we need to handle the elements while writing scripts. Learn how to sync AOL Mail with a third-party app, using POP or IMAP, to send and receive emails in the app or download a copy of your email. Keywords: ios, objective-c, mail. Counting the messages by hand is not a good solution as there are too many emails to manually count, plus its too slow. You will see another column in the list which is the ( Send an email to Item Creator ) name of workflow. The following bit of code is an example of how to do just that. If you're using an Outlook email account, you've probably noticed that a bunch of events will appear automatically in your calendar from the emails you receive. How to send email with attachment from C# C# simplifies network programming in. I mean for example A1 from the excel file is the rss name and B1 from the excel file is the URL link. Java Mail API- Reading OUTLOOK mails. President Trump may have violated criminal provisions of the Hatch Act It’s a felony to order federal government workers to further a partisan political campaign. Everything is up and running. One other consideration with video embedded in email is the ability to determine how many people that click the video actually end up watching it. Just enter the name of the email address you’d like to use, select whether you’d like the address to be Outlook. For security reasons, a password field does not show the characters that the user types. Make plans and. By using our website you agree to our use of cookies in accordance with our cookie policy. Hello Selenium stands to supports you in Automation Testing using Selenium. Use Selenium to Find Elements By Knockout’s Data-bind. com, and then click Create an alias. Write a Java Spring MVC Web app to get Outlook mail, calendar, and contacts. How do I set up and configure email? How do I set a language pack? How do I monitor system status? How do I find and resolve broken links? How do I create a global announcement item? What browsers does Brightspace Learning Environment support?. AddThis share buttons, targeting tools and content recommendations help you get more likes, shares and followers and keep them coming back. Then you perform the mail merge using Microsoft Word as you are used to. How to read mails from Outlook or. Secure Sync - No need to share your data with Microsoft, Google or Apple. How to start. So, it uses SMTP protocol to send email to Gmail. At the very outset, open Outlook and create a new email. Now, let’s see how to achieve this using Office 365. Hi, As we all are aware Selenium WebDriver is mostly use to automate web based application. I have many email accounts; after many years of using them all for different purposes, I have found inbox. when you start e-mail marketing , You need opt-in email address list. Support --version 3. Checking Email notifications in Outlook using selenium Webdrivers. Let's say we wish to upload the file "C:\newhtml. To initialize the Outlook application, we will use the CreateObject function to create an object of the application. You can go ahead and close that window. Tips for keeping your info safe online. Enter the email address that is. By using our website you agree to our use of cookies in accordance with our cookie policy. Must Read: How to Parse Outlook Emails and Show it in Excel Worksheet using VBA To get access to Outlook methods and properties, we have to create an instance of Outlook. POP3 access allows users to use an application such as Windows Outlook, Outlook Express, or other email applications to access email. And choose some SMTP server that fits your needs. Want to add subreddits? Click the "New Email" button and follow the instructions!. Half the standard prices of AOL, MSN, Earthlink. Getting started with OWA. it's a cumbersome mixture of read and unread messages. It uses the java mail APIs. I want to extract content from these emails and send it to an Excel spreadsheet in a way that "Item" field from the email would parse into a column named Item. We don’t just educate you—we empower you. I would like a password protection program. MS Outlook PST Viewer is recommended as one of the best utility to read PST files without Outlook. but in Java I think you will find Outlook connectors that you can use probably. The first is through any computer with an Internet connection and a web browser and the second is through POP3 access. Step-1) Select the TestNG Reporting Interface. Select the email which you want to mark as Not Junk. I have always found logging into my email fairly we'll be using the Selenium web automation. Some consider emails to be an office or desk activity. In this post we're going to explore a way to import all emails in a given folder that were received after a […]. It will send it multiple times but keeps the email in my Outbox saying that it hasn’t been sent (although sometimes it says it’s been sent but stays in the Outbox). The message was not touched by any process, such as a rule, spam filter, or add-in. It contains id of the elements, name, xpath or Css selector etc. Great to know my important emails are being delivered and read. Outlook is the email client. › Use a Macro to Copy Data in an Email to Excel Last reviewed on August 29, 2018 224 Comments A security update disabled the Run a script option in Outlook 2013 and 2016's rules wizard. Easy migration from Outlook and legacy services Migrate your email from Outlook, Exchange or Lotus easily with custom tools that help preserve your important messages. dollars per pound. Every plan we provide comes with a limit of concurrent VMs (how many tests you can run in parallel). Java Mail API- Reading OUTLOOK mails. How to Send and Receive Email using Gmail (or Inbox) from Outlook Office365 Follow. Counting the messages by hand is not a good solution as there are too many emails to manually count, plus its too slow. Tip 913: Count the Total Number of Messages Received Today Several users wanted to know how to count the number of messages received within a period of time, usually Today. You can write this code in a button click event or in page load event. Send mail using java code ( JavaAPI) Configure Jenkins (CI) to send the reports; To use Maven Post-Man plugin to send reports using eclipse. How do I get my email program to reveal the full, unmodified email? Just as when you report spam manually, SpamCop requires the full header information from your email software. There might be many tricks to count the total number of selected emails in an Outlook folder. Find your Outlook on the web address Click Info, and if your company has Outlook on the web, it will appear there. Does any one knows how to do this. Using Webdriver i am create a new user in my app, which sends the password in a email (Outlook as of now). To include messages signed with a digital signature, select the Read all digitally signed mail in plain text check box. All you'll need is the handy Skype plugin. I can't seem to find a way to read messages from the folders, and wonder if anyone has some code they would like to recommend for doing so with Office 365 latest as of this date. AddThis share buttons, targeting tools and content recommendations help you get more likes, shares and followers and keep them coming back. In the previous post, we had discussed about the installation of Java, and configuration of Eclipse with selenium WebDriver. Changing to data-bind*=’{0}: {1}’] changes the search with contains. I have many email accounts; after many years of using them all for different purposes, I have found inbox. Support --version 3. Ugh! So I've compiled a post on the most common Selenium errors that my students and I encountered. dbx extension) are the files where Outlook Express stores email messages. CrossBrowserTesting gives us confidence that our components will render consistently in every browser we support by helping us catch visual regressions early in the development process. Implicit wait in Selenium 3. Download Todoist for free on mobile and desktop. Load Focus is a Cloud Load Testing Service. Your scraped page may contain an iframe that contains data. First, you have to collect information about the Microsoft Outlook COM interfaces. With that in mind, its good to know, it does NOT use selenium to verify emails. Rated as one of the best free web-based email services by About. The EmailAddressManager. Select Internet E-mail and click Next >. Send mail using java code ( JavaAPI) Configure Jenkins (CI) to send the reports; To use Maven Post-Man plugin to send reports using eclipse. You are using email client software and If you can export your list from your email client, You will have good list. We also created our own automation script manually using Firebug and its capabilities. Launch Outlook. The new email quota is 50 GB. There's no be-all and end-all or one magic Java testing tool. To perform the successful test today people use Selenium tool. com is a free email service that allows you to check existing email accounts from anywhere in the world. Thats right, people still use Outlook 2000-2003. Below is a example program which demonstrate to read the data from. You’re done! 2 Click the link to check it out. Make plans and. open method. By reading the Receving From tag, we can notice that the email was sent via corporate2. You don't have to, but if you have more than one email address, it gives you quick access to the email you use the. To initialize the Outlook application, we will use the CreateObject function to create an object of the application. The mail body has these three main headings - Item, Description and Vendor. Your MAPI file is either in a personal storage folder (. com is a free email service that allows you to check existing email accounts from anywhere in the world. If you prefer to use OutlookSpy, instructions are at Delete Stuck Read Receipts using OutlookSpy. The Automate the Boring Stuff with Python Programming online course on Udemy. If not, choose File then Add Account. However, the SendObject method does not give you access to complete mail functionality, such as the ability to attach an external file or set message importance. Opening any part of the Office Suite may prevent the steps from working. You can use the Tab key to move to different elements of the Outlook Web App page. So testing plays a major role in delivering an application to the client. Oct 29, 2014 · 3 min read. Search Microsoft Flow See what's new in the October 2019 release. NetZero also offers Free Internet Access. This is the best course about selenium web driver, the instructor has in-depth knowledge of the subject. Every plan we provide comes with a limit of concurrent VMs (how many tests you can run in parallel). You can go ahead and close that window. DBX files (files with *. If you are going to build an app or and addin for Outlook, you will need to read the mails. Select the email which you want to mark as Not Junk. For my customer, we decided to use a local autodiscover. Users of Outlook Express, Eudora, Netscape Messenger, and other email programs will receive the attachment called winmail. Deficiencies of either or both selenium and vitamin E can cause weaner illthrift, reduced wool production, reduced ewe fertility, reduced immune response and white muscle disease. (Though I have never tried that but that should be doable by selenium). Selenium (Se) is an essential trace mineral required for growth, development, immune function, and metabolism. Participants in a Boston College study became happier when they distracted themselves by creating artwork that expressed their negative feelings. I've changed the timeout to 10 minutes, and it keeps appearing on both his laptop and desktop computer. On the E-mail Accounts page, choose Next > Add Account. You’re done! 2 Click the link to check it out. While executing the Excel Macro some times you may need to send some Details or Result directly to your email ID or any other ID using Excel Macro. How to scroll down to the bottom of a page ? 8. This is the best course about selenium web driver, the instructor has in-depth knowledge of the subject. Using CSS Selector as a Locator Selenium tutorial #6 - In our previous tutorial we learned different types of locators. InformationWeek. Selenium uses WebDriver (or is it the same? I’m still learning how it is connected) to run Automated UI tests in many different browsers. Click the gear icon. Sync works with these and many other compatible CRMs. You’re done! 2 Click the link to check it out. Here is the very basic program to explain How to send email using Java Mail API library from Gmail. imaplib is a built in Python module, hence you don’t need to install anything. In case, you missed out on reading my previous blog in this Selenium tutorial series, then here is the link for the same: What Is Selenium? This is the second blog in the same Selenium tutorial series and in this blog, I will tell you everything you need to know to get started with testing web apps using Selenium WebDriver. Now read on to learn the elaborate operations. Outlook users can sync emails, events and contacts to and from G Suite. The API itself is for clicking on links, but no retreiving emails If you're adventurous, you can bet on Sikuli which is a powerful desktop automation solution that can at least open Outlook, check emails, and check if an email subject match a certain pattern. Using the Speak command. Selenium Webdriver Encrypting and Decrypting a password/string in Core Java!!! 12:04 AM 1 Comments For Security reasons, most of the companies has restriction that security information like passwords should not written any where in the programs or xls file in plain text format. This is primarily provided for backwards compatibility. Part 1: Automating Outlook using QTP | General Introduction 0 Flares Twitter 0 Facebook 0 Google+ 0 LinkedIn 0 Email -- 0 Flares × From today, we are starting off a series of articles on how to automate Microsoft Outlook using QTP. Once your email accounts are set up and ready, you can start using Outlook and exploring all of its functions. This article mainly describes how to use the contents of the WordNote page to reply to an Outlook message. The Outlook Web App email page has three panes under a banner and a toolbar: the folder pane, the message list pane, and the reading pane. However, if you have not installed the Adobe Acrobat, or other three-party add-ins, how to export emails to PDF files?. Easy migration from Outlook and legacy services Migrate your email from Outlook, Exchange or Lotus easily with custom tools that help preserve your important messages. You will see another column in the list which is the ( Send an email to Item Creator ) name of workflow. If you need more time you can change that by passing the max_duration capability along with a value. It has traditionally been quite painful to interact with any part of the Microsoft Office product family from a C# application, but thanks to the introduction of dynamics and optional parameters over recent years, the process has. Microsoft Outlook is a popular desktop email program used by corporations and individuals alike. Net framework. com - Send Selenium Test Result Through Outlook Attachment Tuesday, 29 October 2019. How to upload files into file inputs ? 8. Choose who you e-mail. I receive lot of emails with almost similar content from the two email addresses to my Outlook email account. First you need to add the reference of Microsoft. Are you Looking for the Best Selenium Training in Chennai?Well, Besant Technologies can be your go-to solution. One click to count total number of selected emails in Outlook with an amazing tool. Download all email from server. Abstract Mammalian selenium-containing proteins can be divided into three groups: proteins containing nonspecifically incorporated selenium, specific selenium-binding proteins, and specific selenocysteine-containing selenoproteins. 1- Steps to Generate Reports Using TestNG. powered higher in very active trading Wednesday, as the industrial conglomerate reported progress on its turnaround plan with another earnings beat, and after Chief. Selenium is an open source, software testing framework used for web applications that is also portable. So let's start how to use the Selenium Webdriver, we can read from Selenium document center. Hi Viewers, This video is a tutorial of How to read outlook emails in C#. To view this discussion on the web visit. CkMailMan mailman = new CkMailMan (); // Set the SMTP server to Office365's SMTP server. If you'd prefer a video format for learning to program, you can use the discount code LOWESTPRICE to get an 80% discount. In this case, all email account details, including passwords, are removed from the system. Make plans and. Email Peek also makes it easy for you to send quick replies to messages without typing. Learn the Full MYN System Using Your Copy of Outlook. I tried searching a lot but could not find a way for doing it. So, I have found this thread about using Selenium Webdriver with Powershell so it helps a lot with my starting point. Or, with Outlook for iOS, you can now ask Cortana to read everything in your inbox out loud. "Selenium Testing Tools Cookbook" is an incremental guide that will help you learn and use advanced features of Selenium WebDriver API in various situations for building reliable test automation. Changing to data-bind*=’{0}: {1}’] changes the search with contains. This video will guide you How to Send Emails in Selenium Webdriver Using Commons email API and how to trigger based on test failure or test pass. On the E-mail Accounts wizard window, select Add a new e-mail account, and then click Next. If you get a lot of emails and you need to analyse the data in them, then importing your emails from Outlook into Excel with VBA will save you a lot of time. 2) A dialog box will open in which you can choose the location for saving the PDF of your folder. Email and Outlook Tips & Tricks. Sauce has a nice reference on css selectors. Click on the domain the email user is associated with. • The Calendar icon is used to schedule meetings and/or events. dat with the email. com or Office Outlook program to a PST file to back up your inbox. Do you have a web version of your email. Instant access to 2000+ browsers and real iOS and Android devices for cross browser testing. If Horizontal Spacing Is Important, Avoid Using Lists in Outlook. com is one of America's largest corporate IT resource provider for automated software testing in Java or C# with Selenium and BDD. Now, let’s see how to achieve this using Office 365. Here is the very basic program to explain How to send email with attachment using Java Mail API library from Gmail. assertTrue(message,condition) in Selenium WebDriver and it's implementation How to execute Selenium WebDriver test cases parallel in multiple Browser using Testng parameter Annotation Commonly asked java programs in Selenium Interview Test Cases for Elevator(Lift) Upload and Download file from FTP Server using Java FTP Client. Selenium Locators Tutorial: Learn How to Identify Web Elements Using XPath in Selenium with Examples In the previous tutorial , we introduced you to another automation testing tool named as Firebug. If not, you can do what we do at our organization, which is use free mail providers like Gmail and use Selenium to verify mail is received. Intermedia is a leading one-stop shop for Unified Communications, Exchange email, VoIP, file sharing, & other business cloud services. Remarks: All of samples in this section are based on first section: Send email in a simple C# project. Net classes uses to communicate with other applications by using the HTTP, TCP, UDP, Socket etc. NET Application using Outlook Interoperability. You can write this code in a button click event or in page load event. Send an RTF formatted to someone via VBA and your email system. Based on the concept of a project object model (POM), Maven can manage a project's build, reporting and documentation from a central piece of information that is called. Conclusion After reading this VBA tutorial, you have a very good understanding of how you can use Visual Basic for Applications for purposes of sending an email from Excel using Outlook. In Selenium 2. Related posts: Using the window. Thanks for all responses. So when you use gmail you can do a search and it will bring up emails specifically from the word you searched. This article describes how to create an html email from your Microsoft Access application, how to add CSS formatting and include inline images in the email. One of the methods used in this is the. Python - Read Outlook Email and Save Embedded Attachments I was struggling with this for days, so I figured I should post the code so others can see how to do it. Deprecation Warning. A Beginner's Guide to Effective Email Revision 2. User can easily read and understand the tutorials. Java Mail API- Reading OUTLOOK mails. While executing the Excel Macro some times you may need to send some Details or Result directly to your email ID or any other ID using Excel Macro. net port and server settings. If this is not possible, use php code in the sendeail. To determine Store Folder location click Store Folder button at Tools>Options>Maintenance in Outlook Express. We will see a sample application, which read mail from outlook and display its contents in our application. // Note: Please be sure to double-check the SMTP settings // with your provider or with the official Office365 documentation // provided by Microsoft. How to upload files into file inputs ? 8. Do you have any web based email client, you can do it then. A time-sensitive text will get read much sooner. Here is the very basic program to explain How to send email with attachment using Java Mail API library from Gmail. How to verify user received mail or not in outlook through selenium. , iframe1, iframe2, iframe3. Offers 5 gigabytes of webmail storage. Time estimates vary, but surveys have shown that people read their text messages much more quickly than they do their emails. The toolbar is between the banner and the three panes. 3 Sign in to see what it looks like. The fact-checkers, whose work is more and more important for those who prefer facts over lies, police the line between fact and falsehood on a day-to-day basis, and do a great job. Today, my small contribution is to pass along a very good overview that reflects on one of Trump’s favorite overarching falsehoods. Namely: Trump describes an America in which everything was going down the tubes under  Obama, which is why we needed Trump to make America great again. And he claims that this project has come to fruition, with America setting records for prosperity under his leadership and guidance. “Obama bad; Trump good” is pretty much his analysis in all areas and measurement of U.S. activity, especially economically. Even if this were true, it would reflect poorly on Trump’s character, but it has the added problem of being false, a big lie made up of many small ones. Personally, I don’t assume that all economic measurements directly reflect the leadership of whoever occupies the Oval Office, nor am I smart enough to figure out what causes what in the economy. But the idea that presidents get the credit or the blame for the economy during their tenure is a political fact of life. Trump, in his adorable, immodest mendacity, not only claims credit for everything good that happens in the economy, but tells people, literally and specifically, that they have to vote for him even if they hate him, because without his guidance, their 401(k) accounts “will go down the tubes.” That would be offensive even if it were true, but it is utterly false. The stock market has been on a 10-year run of steady gains that began in 2009, the year Barack Obama was inaugurated. But why would anyone care about that? It’s only an unarguable, stubborn fact. Still, speaking of facts, there are so many measurements and indicators of how the economy is doing, that those not committed to an honest investigation can find evidence for whatever they want to believe. Trump and his most committed followers want to believe that everything was terrible under Barack Obama and great under Trump. That’s baloney. Anyone who believes that believes something false. And a series of charts and graphs published Monday in the Washington Post and explained by Economics Correspondent Heather Long provides the data that tells the tale. The details are complicated. Click through to the link above and you’ll learn much. But the overview is pretty simply this: The U.S. economy had a major meltdown in the last year of the George W. Bush presidency. Again, I’m not smart enough to know how much of this was Bush’s “fault.” But he had been in office for six years when the trouble started. So, if it’s ever reasonable to hold a president accountable for the performance of the economy, the timeline is bad for Bush. GDP growth went negative. Job growth fell sharply and then went negative. Median household income shrank. The Dow Jones Industrial Average dropped by more than 5,000 points! U.S. manufacturing output plunged, as did average home values, as did average hourly wages, as did measures of consumer confidence and most other indicators of economic health. (Backup for that is contained in the Post piece I linked to above.) Barack Obama inherited that mess of falling numbers, which continued during his first year in office, 2009, as he put in place policies designed to turn it around. By 2010, Obama’s second year, pretty much all of the negative numbers had turned positive. By the time Obama was up for reelection in 2012, all of them were headed in the right direction, which is certainly among the reasons voters gave him a second term by a solid (not landslide) margin. Basically, all of those good numbers continued throughout the second Obama term. The U.S. GDP, probably the single best measure of how the economy is doing, grew by 2.9 percent in 2015, which was Obama’s seventh year in office and was the best GDP growth number since before the crash of the late Bush years. GDP growth slowed to 1.6 percent in 2016, which may have been among the indicators that supported Trump’s campaign-year argument that everything was going to hell and only he could fix it. During the first year of Trump, GDP growth grew to 2.4 percent, which is decent but not great and anyway, a reasonable person would acknowledge that — to the degree that economic performance is to the credit or blame of the president — the performance in the first year of a new president is a mixture of the old and new policies. In Trump’s second year, 2018, the GDP grew 2.9 percent, equaling Obama’s best year, and so far in 2019, the growth rate has fallen to 2.1 percent, a mediocre number and a decline for which Trump presumably accepts no responsibility and blames either Nancy Pelosi, Ilhan Omar or, if he can swing it, Barack Obama. I suppose it’s natural for a president to want to take credit for everything good that happens on his (or someday her) watch, but not the blame for anything bad. Trump is more blatant about this than most. If we judge by his bad but remarkably steady approval ratings (today, according to the average maintained by 538.com, it’s 41.9 approval/ 53.7 disapproval) the pretty-good economy is not winning him new supporters, nor is his constant exaggeration of his accomplishments costing him many old ones). I already offered it above, but the full Washington Post workup of these numbers, and commentary/explanation by economics correspondent Heather Long, are here. On a related matter, if you care about what used to be called fiscal conservatism, which is the belief that federal debt and deficit matter, here’s a New York Times analysis, based on Congressional Budget Office data, suggesting that the annual budget deficit (that’s the amount the government borrows every year reflecting that amount by which federal spending exceeds revenues) which fell steadily during the Obama years, from a peak of $1.4 trillion at the beginning of the Obama administration, to $585 billion in 2016 (Obama’s last year in office), will be back up to $960 billion this fiscal year, and back over $1 trillion in 2020. (Here’s the New York Times piece detailing those numbers.) Trump is currently floating various tax cuts for the rich and the poor that will presumably worsen those projections, if passed. As the Times piece reported: