How To Install Freeradius On Docker

I installed FreeRADIUS , Mysql inside docker Container I exposed ports 1812 , 1813 , 3306 outside. How do I install and setup Docker container on an RHEL 7 (Red Hat Enterprise Linux) server? How can I setup Docker on a CentOS 7? How to install and use Docker CE on a CentOS Linux 7 server? Docker is free and open-source software. To install a MySQL Server. 1e-fips 11 Feb 2013 0x1000105f (1. Update: 26 OCT 2011 http://www. Installation Of FreeRADIUS On CentOS And Ubuntu. Problem when running the initial test without freeradius using docker and alpine linux Posted on 22nd April 2019 by Clauber Stipkovic I'm trying to test Freeradius with the default configuration, but it's displaying this message when using debug mode: $ radtest. What we need for the beginning is mysql and freeradius installed in your computer. Español; русский; 中国. FreeRADIUS is an open source, high-performance, modular, scalable and feature-rich RADIUS server. Docker-freeradius. Open your favourite editor and help us make FreeRADIUS better!. A small image that runs freeradius on Alpine. 04 / Ubuntu 16. How to install missing ifconfig command on Debian Linux. Before kicking off on how to install and configure FreeRADIUS with daloRADIUS on Fedora 29, it would be a good idea to disable SELinux or put it in permission mode unless you are comfortable managing it. 04 ] NOTE: Since it’s optional for readers to allow non-sudo access to Docker, the command examples will have sudo appended to the docker command, for those. com/game/starbound Docker Hub: http. io run -d -p 5001:5001 privacyidea/otpserver Then you will be able to login to the management interface via HTTPS on port 5001. View the full question and any other answers on Server Fault. 2 and the shared secret which is [email protected] It supports all common authentication protocols. On fedora 20 and later, you need to run the below command to install docker instead. On the output you will get three running containers connected to each other and ready to serve. Initial configuration; Useful variables. OpenSSL -- Download the latest OpenSSL-0. Installation Simply find and install a Docker application from the Synology Package Center. 04 / Ubuntu 16. Radius のテストには radtest を使います。テスト PC 側にも freeradius-utils をインストールします。 yum -y install freeradius-utils. Report Ask Add Snippet. The FreeRADIUS system makes sense when you think about it, and so does the UI in pfSense, but at first glance they are both a bit odd. It requires a MySQL database and can be configured with environment variables. Explore Channels Plugins & Tools Pro Login About Us. conf and users files before you start the container. Once you have the bootable USB ready, pop it in and make your system boot from USB (this has to be done through the System BIOS or UEFI). How to install minicom on Ubuntu to configure Cisco switches and routers through the console port; How to install parrot security OS on virtualbox; Install apache web server on CentOS 7; VirtualBox kernel driver not installed (rc=-1908) How to remove image from docker; Run a hello world docker container; How to install Docker on Centos 7. FreeRADIUS is a popular open source radius server. Work on this feature was started by Goran Cetusic during the Google Summer Of Code and finished by the GNS3 core team. Application: StarboundServer - https://www. How can I see what is the version and uptime of the running FreeRadius daemon? Stack Exchange Network Stack Exchange network consists of 175 Q&A communities including Stack Overflow , the largest, most trusted online community for developers to learn, share their knowledge, and build their careers. FreeRadius on Docker using Ubuntu base image. RADIUSdesk - Pre Install and Config freeRadius server Virtual appliance VM Machine on VMWare WorkStation -1 Today I am going to show you how to install the RADIUSdesk VM on VMWare workstation on. Here are 5 things you need to know about using Docker on the Raspberry Pi from Docker Captain Alex Ellis @alexellisuk. Installation Simply find and install a Docker application from the Synology Package Center. As of this writing, the default version of FreeRADIUS installed on Ubuntu 18. Instead of you building, running and connecting containers from separate Dockerfiles, it allows you to use a Read more…. It covers the most popular Linux distributions of today, CentOS, SUSE, and Ubuntu, and discusses all the important aspects of FreeRADIUS deployment: Installing, configuring and testing; security concerns and limitations; LDAP and Active Directory integration. Did anyone try this at all or is there really no way to use Docker for this? I have got another machine which has VMware on it but since this machine also just has one NIC, I am unable to create a "fake" one for the pfSense setup. And you have to only run pear install DB. run one of these after installing hpc pack & docker: Instead of Step 2. It’s Used PHP-based web user administration tool called dialupadmin. To install a MySQL Server. How the FreeRADIUS server is reached by any RADIUS clients and how it communicates with any RADIUS (or other) servers is important. 0_45 on CentOS /RHEL 6. Installation; Getting started. Now you should have fresh and up-to-date Docker. These tasks actually will start MySQL, PMA and Freeradius. 設定が完了したら FreeRadius を起動&自動起動設定しておきます。 systemctl start radiusd systemctl enable radiusd Radius の認証テスト. Configure the clients. I imported Database to mysql. Application: StarboundServer - https://www. Overview: Installation of Docker image Starbound-GOG-Server in the UnRaid. I container sono simili alle macchine virtuali, però più portabili, e più dipendenti dalla macchina host, in quanto ne condividono le risorse hardware e il kernel. 2 days ago · A better way to install Docker on CentOS 8. Problem when running the initial test without freeradius using docker and alpine linux Posted on 22nd April 2019 by Clauber Stipkovic I'm trying to test Freeradius with the default configuration, but it's displaying this message when using debug mode: $ radtest. On the output you will get three running containers connected to each other and ready to serve. FreeRadius is not commercial product and Docker kills free software. Installation Of FreeRADIUS On CentOS And Ubuntu. In testing and development environments, some users choose to use automated convenience scripts to install Docker. Docker is available in the standard repository of CentOS, so we don’t have to search for the package. Afterward, you can install and update Docker from the repository. It supports all common authentication protocols. Therefore we first install Docker and docker-compose: sudo apt-get install docker. Configure the clients. How to install missing ifconfig command on Debian Linux. How can I see what is the version and uptime of the running FreeRadius daemon? Stack Exchange Network Stack Exchange network consists of 175 Q&A communities including Stack Overflow , the largest, most trusted online community for developers to learn, share their knowledge, and build their careers. 04, first download the Ubuntu 16. The FreeRADIUS system makes sense when you think about it, and so does the UI in pfSense, but at first glance they are both a bit odd. Images serve as the baseline for what you want the container to do. Get involved with The FreeRADIUS Server Project. Hard dependencies yum -y install libtalloc-devel Getting the source. To keep the HowTo simple, I decided to use Docker and Guacamole on the LinuxMint as well. In this tutorial, I will explain step by step how to install FreeRADIUS server and Daloradius web client on Ubuntu 18. I followed your article. You can find examples in the reposito. A lot of people use Unix derivatives where docker images are useless, from the other hand every skilled Linux/Unix administrator should be able to make his own docker image or install software in FreeBSD jail, Illumos zone etc. This guide covers the steps necessary for installing and configuring Odoo using Git source and Python virtual environment on Ubuntu 16. This guide is to help you install FreeRADIUS and Daloradius on Ubuntu 18. Now let's see the most easiest and simplest method to install docker on Linux. FreeRADIUS is an open source RADIUS server commonly used on Linux, Unix and embedded systems. Start mysql, and configure it to start up automatically on reboot. Are you sure you want to continue connecting (yes/no)? yes /usr/bin/ssh-copy-id: INFO: attempting to log in with the new key(s), to filter out any that are already installed /usr/bin/ssh-copy-id: INFO: 1 key(s) remain to be installed -- if you are prompted now it is to install the new keys [email protected] powershell Install-PackageProvider -Name NuGet -Force powershell Install-Module -Name DockerMsftProvider -Repository PSGallery -Force powershell Install-Package -Name docker -ProviderName DockerMsftProvider -Force and then install docker CE. 1x (WiFi), dialup, PPPoE, VPN’s, VoIP, etc. FreeRadius の起動. In this case you can either use docker and docker compose or install Odoo in a Python virtual environment. Once you have learnt how FreeRADIUS works, it is then highly recommended to move to the latest released stable version before moving into production. FreeRADIUS Beginner's Guide is a friend of newcomers to RADIUS and FreeRADIUS. In a similar matter, you can save your Dockerfile to a repository for the purposes of collaboration. Install Freeradius di Ubuntu 16. FreeRADIUS works as the back-end while daloRADIUS works as the front-end. " hi i want web interface for my freeradius and accounting i find diulup admin and ARA but it is not work and i have some problem for this,is there any one know better thing and easy config????tanx Saeed Abbasi". In this article i will explain the configuration of radius server. daloRADIUS is a web-based RADIUS management tool written in PHP. To start the installed MySQL Server. If you'd prefer the latest version of docker-ce (as well as a functioning upgrade), use this method of installation on CentOS 8. 04 Docker Compose is a tool that helps you define and run multi-container applications. Application: StarboundServer - https://www. If someone knows any way to create a "fake" NIC in VMware I would use this as well instead of the Docker idea. Note: If you do not find the application in your Package Center, your Synology is most probably not supported yet: Due to the hardware requirement, Docker will be only available on the following models: 18 series: DS3018xs, DS918+, DS718+, DS218+ 17 […]. (Last Updated On: September 19, 2019)How can I install PHP 7. Look out for a message about VMware Easy Install, which will automate the installation of your chosen guest OS. 0 with Google Authenticator for two-factor authentication (2FA) in a Docker container. Whenever I execute the docker run example shown on the docker hub, the container seems to start and then immediately quit. PHP is the most widely used server-side scripting language for creating dynamic web pages and web applications. Docker installed and optionally allowing non-sudo access to Docker. To do this, you can follow Step 1 and Step 2 from our previous tutorial - [ How to Install & Use Docker on Ubuntu 18. In the next screen, enter your preferred name, username, and password, click Next, and give the VM a name. 04 ] NOTE: Since it's optional for readers to allow non-sudo access to Docker, the command examples will have sudo appended to the docker command, for those. How can I see what is the version and uptime of the running FreeRadius daemon? Stack Exchange Network Stack Exchange network consists of 175 Q&A communities including Stack Overflow , the largest, most trusted online community for developers to learn, share their knowledge, and build their careers. It automates the deployment of any application as a lightweight. Install FreeRadius: apk add freeradius freeradius-eap. The freeRadius package on my router, and a radius certificate. My next step was to install FreeRadius V3. Docker currently does not offer a paid security bounty program but are not ruling it out in the future. 04 ] NOTE: Since it’s optional for readers to allow non-sudo access to Docker, the command examples will have sudo appended to the docker command, for those. 0_45 on CentOS /RHEL 6. OpenSSL -- Download the latest OpenSSL-0. daloRADIUS is an advanced RADIUS web management application aimed at managing hotspots and general-purpose ISP deployments. RADIUSdesk - Pre Install and Config freeRadius server Virtual appliance VM Machine on VMWare WorkStation -1 Today I am going to show you how to install the RADIUSdesk VM on VMWare workstation on. I imported Database to mysql. It features user management, graphical reporting, accounting, a billing engine and integrates with GoogleMaps for geo-locating. We originally performed these steps on Arch Linux x86_64 Linux 3. Installation. Therefore we first install Docker and docker-compose: sudo apt-get install docker. FreeRADIUS is the most popular open source & most widely deployed RADIUS server in the world. : radtest username 1234151100 10. For the installation we will not use the same command with centOS and. As you already know, FreeRADIUS is an opensource high performance and highly configurable RADIUS suite that provides centralized network authentication on systems such as 802. I chose to put these in /etc/wireless; anywhere readable to FreeRADIUS is fine. Introduzione. How can I see what is the version and uptime of the running FreeRadius daemon? Stack Exchange Network Stack Exchange network consists of 175 Q&A communities including Stack Overflow , the largest, most trusted online community for developers to learn, share their knowledge, and build their careers. Español; русский; 中国. In this article i will explain the configuration of radius server. Docker Swarm. 0_45 on CentOS /RHEL 6. How do I install and setup Docker container on an RHEL 7 (Red Hat Enterprise Linux) server? How can I setup Docker on a CentOS 7? How to install and use Docker CE on a CentOS Linux 7 server? Docker is free and open-source software. Founder of EdLab, PTL for OpenStack Searchlight Visit profile Archive. Hard dependencies yum -y install libtalloc-devel Getting the source. How to use. Freeradius docker container. Problem when running the initial test without freeradius using docker and alpine linux Posted on 22nd April 2019 by Clauber Stipkovic I'm trying to test Freeradius with the default configuration, but it's displaying this message when using debug mode: $ radtest. com/game/starbound Docker Hub: http. 04 / Ubuntu 16. Docker-freeradius. 04 Radius (Remote authentication dial-in user service) merupakan sebuah protokol jaringan yang digunakan untuk melakukan otentikasi, … Taufik Mulyana in How to August 22. How can I see what is the version and uptime of the running FreeRadius daemon? Stack Exchange Network Stack Exchange network consists of 175 Q&A communities including Stack Overflow , the largest, most trusted online community for developers to learn, share their knowledge, and build their careers. Our recent guide on FreeRADIUS was for how to Install FreeRADIUS and Daloradius on CentOS 7 and RHEL 7. Installation Of FreeRADIUS On CentOS And Ubuntu. One can configure radius with radiusd but i will go on with freeradius. Over the next week, we'll be verifying and updating these instructions to support running them on a Mac. FreeRADIUS is an open source RADIUS server commonly used on Linux, Unix and embedded systems. 04 Docker Compose is a tool that helps you define and run multi-container applications. Did anyone try this at all or is there really no way to use Docker for this? I have got another machine which has VMware on it but since this machine also just has one NIC, I am unable to create a "fake" one for the pfSense setup. 04 Authentication Server: Setting up FreeRADIUS in RHEL, CENTOS How to install LIFERAY on CentOS / RedHat Linux 6. This guide covers the steps necessary for installing and configuring Odoo using Git source and Python virtual environment on Ubuntu 16. My next step was to install FreeRadius V3. How to Install & Use Docker Compose on Ubuntu 18. These tasks actually will start MySQL, PMA and Freeradius. Docker also likes to send gifts — if you’re into swag, make sure to let us know. Dockerize it. Overview: Installation of Docker image Starbound-GOG-Server in the UnRaid. Docker support in GNS3. [Radius] Installation of FreeRADIUS ##### Installation of FreeRADIUS Download first the latest source of Openssl (0. In this guide, we are going to learn how to Install FreeRADIUS with daloRADIUS on Debian 9 stretch. daloRADIUS is a web-based RADIUS management tool written in PHP. We create playbook with three simple tasks. I installed FreeRADIUS , Mysql inside docker Container I exposed ports 1812 , 1813 , 3306 outside. Get involved with The FreeRADIUS Server Project. Configure the clients. docker-compose comes handy when managing a complex multi container docker [] Read More ». Whenever I execute the docker run example shown on the docker hub, the container seems to start and then immediately quit. Initial configuration; Useful variables. Create an Account. 設定が完了したら FreeRadius を起動&自動起動設定しておきます。 systemctl start radiusd systemctl enable radiusd Radius の認証テスト. Install freeRADIUS with daloRADIUS on CentOS 7 RADIUS (Remote Authentication and Dial-In User Service) is network protocol and software that authenticate dial-in users and authorize their access to the requested service. freeRADIUS doesn’t take calls to authenticate directly. I imported Database to mysql. 04 / Ubuntu 16. What the heck is Docker and why would I use it? Docker simplifies the packaging, distribution, installation and execution of (complex) applications. Install Docker with one command. Distros Debian. To install a MySQL Server. Are you new to docker? then running and maintaining docker applications is easy. Are you sure you want to continue connecting (yes/no)? yes /usr/bin/ssh-copy-id: INFO: attempting to log in with the new key(s), to filter out any that are already installed /usr/bin/ssh-copy-id: INFO: 1 key(s) remain to be installed -- if you are prompted now it is to install the new keys [email protected] 4 on Fedora 31/30/29?. Before you install Docker Engine - Community for the first time on a new host machine, you need to set up the Docker repository. A small image that runs freeradius on Alpine. Ensure Samba and Winbind are installed on your Linux server. com/game/starbound Docker Hub: http. This is a complete guide on how to migrate FreeRADIUS with Google Authenticator to a Docker container. [Ubuntu][FreeRadius] How to install and setting FreeRadius Install FreeRadius 2. It automates the deployment of any application as a lightweight. If one is found, it is used as the ISO for the created machine. You can find examples in the reposito. Till now we have seen package manager methods via which we installed docker. First, elevate yourself to superuser and create a directory that will house the CA certificate, server public and private keys, a dh file for Diffie-Hellman parameters and a random date file. Overview: Installation of Docker image Starbound-GOG-Server in the UnRaid. Explore Channels Plugins & Tools Pro Login About Us. (Last Updated On: September 19, 2019)How can I install PHP 7. org) -----BEGIN PGP SIGNED MESSAGE----- Hash: SHA1. 04 Authentication Server: Setting up FreeRADIUS in RHEL, CENTOS How to install LIFERAY on CentOS / RedHat Linux 6. I am using the tac_plus package and FreeRADIUS for my new authentication servers. How to install FFmpeg, FLVTool2 and MP4Box on Ubuntu 14. 1e release) (in range 1. For Guacamole you could also set up your own VM with Docker. Docker-freeradius. 04 / Ubuntu 16. 04 Docker Compose is a tool that helps you define and run multi-container applications. It supports all common authentication protocols. Using the default credentials “[email protected]” and password “test”. Instead of you building, running and connecting containers from separate Dockerfiles, it allows you to use a Read more…. com/sites/tomiogeron/2011/10/26/atlassian-moves-to-the-cloud-offers-10-and-up-pricing/ This alleviates the issue somewhat, but. 2 days ago · A better way to install Docker on CentOS 8. gladiopeace / Gitlab-Docker-certbot. Did anyone try this at all or is there really no way to use Docker for this? I have got another machine which has VMware on it but since this machine also just has one NIC, I am unable to create a "fake" one for the pfSense setup. Sebenarnya install docker cukup mudah melalui apt seperti berikut namun perlu terlebih dahulu mengkonfigurasi repository untuk mendapatkan paket docker terbaru. [[email protected] ~]# yum install php-pear [[email protected] ~]# pear install DB. FreeRADIUS Beginner's Guide is a friend of newcomers to RADIUS and FreeRADIUS. Installation Simply find and install a Docker application from the Synology Package Center. Instructions on how to install and uninstall packages on Linux. For RHEL 7, you must have a valid Redhat subscription to enable Extras rpm’s repository on the server. I have just configured FreeRadius, but I would like to authenticate users which are in an Azure AD. Docker container support was added as a feature starting with GNS3 1. Install Docker with one command. Before you begin. There is no special pre-requisite for this installation. Docker support in GNS3. Radius のテストには radtest を使います。テスト PC 側にも freeradius-utils をインストールします。 yum -y install freeradius-utils. The provided use cases are limitless and the need has always been there. Open your favourite editor and help us make FreeRADIUS better!. HAProxy Stats provides a lot of information about data transfer, total connection, server state etc. In this article we will show you how you can install and setup the FreeRadius tool in a RedHat, Scientific Linux, Fedora, CentOS, Debian and Ubuntu systems. 0_45 on CentOS /RHEL 6. Install if from official Ubuntu apt repository using: sudo apt -y install freeradius freeradius-mysql freeradius-utils. It's Used PHP-based web user administration tool called dialupadmin. Docker images are the blueprint for a container. The scope of this post is not to detail the functionality of these machines, but rather their administration. 7-stable snapshot. Install Docker with one command. Overview: Installation of Docker image Starbound-GOG-Server in the UnRaid. It’s Used PHP-based web user administration tool called dialupadmin. This guide is to help you install FreeRADIUS and Daloradius on Ubuntu 18. How to install Node JS from source on Ubuntu 12. Installation. If you have install php 7 then you can ignore php-pear installation. 04 Radius (Remote authentication dial-in user service) merupakan sebuah protokol jaringan yang digunakan untuk melakukan otentikasi, … Taufik Mulyana in How to August 22. 04 LTS servers. In this tutorial, I will explain step by step how to install FreeRADIUS server and Daloradius web client on Ubuntu 18. FreeRadius Deployment with MySQL Cluster (NDB) We will deploy a two-node FreeRadius cluster running on dual active mode, talking to a four-node MySQL Cluster through load balancers (HAproxy) with automatic IP failover using virtual IP (Keepalived). We create playbook with three simple tasks. Dockerize it. And I receive the following message after compiling and installing. Supported platforms. 04 / Ubuntu 16. 04 base image. org) -----BEGIN PGP SIGNED MESSAGE----- Hash: SHA1. 04 Server iso file and create a bootable USB. We have completed installation and configuration of daloradius and freeradius. 04 Docker Compose is a tool that helps you define and run multi-container applications. Our comprehensive support for protocols, data stores, directories, databases, and language integrations would not be possible without contributions from the community. If someone knows any way to create a "fake" NIC in VMware I would use this as well instead of the Docker idea. which seemed to work great. OpenSSL -- Download the latest OpenSSL-0. Look out for a message about VMware Easy Install, which will automate the installation of your chosen guest OS. x How to verify DDOS attack with netstat command on Linux Terminal. Installation. x Installation of Oracle Java 1. We create playbook with three simple tasks. Start the server and try again. For the installation we will not use the same command with centOS and. I imported Database to mysql. Install if from official Ubuntu apt repository using: sudo apt -y install freeradius freeradius-mysql freeradius-utils. 1e release) (in range 1. So here where really magic begins. Docker installed and optionally allowing non-sudo access to Docker. Sebenarnya install docker cukup mudah melalui apt seperti berikut namun perlu terlebih dahulu mengkonfigurasi repository untuk mendapatkan paket docker terbaru. Install Docker with one command. run one of these after installing hpc pack & docker: Instead of Step 2. Images serve as the baseline for what you want the container to do. Among the packages installed are mysql module and utils package. Docker Swarm. If one is found, it is used as the ISO for the created machine. It’s Used PHP-based web user administration tool called dialupadmin. As of this writing, the default version of FreeRADIUS installed on Ubuntu 18. Install Freeradius di Ubuntu 16. Now you should have fresh and up-to-date Docker. To install a MySQL Server. In this guide, we are going to learn how to Install FreeRADIUS with daloRADIUS on Debian 9 stretch. Installing MXE via home-brew on Mac to compile attract: mxe-issue. 04 ] NOTE: Since it's optional for readers to allow non-sudo access to Docker, the command examples will have sudo appended to the docker command, for those. A lot of people use Unix derivatives where docker images are useless, from the other hand every skilled Linux/Unix administrator should be able to make his own docker image or install software in FreeBSD jail, Illumos zone etc. And I receive the following message after compiling and installing. Report Ask Add Snippet. Founder of EdLab, PTL for OpenStack Searchlight Visit profile Archive. 1f release) Security advisory CVE-2014-0160 (Heartbleed). Recently I penned a …. It supports all common authentication protocols. FreeRadius の起動. This is step by step how to configure freeradius with local users (/etc/passwd) In this scenario, I want to create 100 users with a password and no shell login to the system capability that can be done with the following commands:. A small image that runs freeradius on Alpine. If you'd prefer the latest version of docker-ce (as well as a functioning upgrade), use this method of installation on CentOS 8. 3 with an 8GB SD card. x How to verify DDOS attack with netstat command on Linux Terminal. 04 LTS servers. How to use. Configure the clients. FreeRADIUS is an open source, high-performance, modular, scalable and feature-rich RADIUS server. 6 + ubuntu 10. To install Node JS on a Ubuntu machine we need to install the dependency applications first and you should have root or sudo access for it. This website uses cookies to ensure you get the best experience on our website. Here are 5 things you need to know about using Docker on the Raspberry Pi from Docker Captain Alex Ellis @alexellisuk. TechRepublic - Jack Wallen. Docker è un’applicazione che rende semplice la possibilità di utilizzare applicazioni all’interno di un container. Docker also likes to send gifts — if you’re into swag, make sure to let us know. FreeRADIUS works as the back-end while daloRADIUS works as the front-end. You can also select a location for the VM. x How to verify DDOS attack with netstat command on Linux Terminal. I naturally dockerised these services and they're running quite happily. Overview: Installation of Docker image Starbound-GOG-Server in the UnRaid. Explore Channels Plugins & Tools Pro Login About Us. I inserted this rows to databases INSERT INTO nas VALUES (NULL. How to use. Introduction. In a similar matter, you can save your Dockerfile to a repository for the purposes of collaboration. It features user management, graphical reporting, accounting, a billing engine and integrates with GoogleMaps for geo-locating. To install, just run the command. Installation. Afterward, you can install and update Docker from the repository. 04 Server iso file and create a bootable USB. Do one of the following:. com/game/starbound Docker Hub: http. freeRADIUS doesn’t take calls to authenticate directly. I am using the tac_plus package and FreeRADIUS for my new authentication servers. x Installation of Oracle Java 1. 04 LTS servers. Whenever I execute the docker run example shown on the docker hub, the container seems to start and then immediately quit. The fact-checkers, whose work is more and more important for those who prefer facts over lies, police the line between fact and falsehood on a day-to-day basis, and do a great job. Today, my small contribution is to pass along a very good overview that reflects on one of Trump’s favorite overarching falsehoods. Namely: Trump describes an America in which everything was going down the tubes under  Obama, which is why we needed Trump to make America great again. And he claims that this project has come to fruition, with America setting records for prosperity under his leadership and guidance. “Obama bad; Trump good” is pretty much his analysis in all areas and measurement of U.S. activity, especially economically. Even if this were true, it would reflect poorly on Trump’s character, but it has the added problem of being false, a big lie made up of many small ones. Personally, I don’t assume that all economic measurements directly reflect the leadership of whoever occupies the Oval Office, nor am I smart enough to figure out what causes what in the economy. But the idea that presidents get the credit or the blame for the economy during their tenure is a political fact of life. Trump, in his adorable, immodest mendacity, not only claims credit for everything good that happens in the economy, but tells people, literally and specifically, that they have to vote for him even if they hate him, because without his guidance, their 401(k) accounts “will go down the tubes.” That would be offensive even if it were true, but it is utterly false. The stock market has been on a 10-year run of steady gains that began in 2009, the year Barack Obama was inaugurated. But why would anyone care about that? It’s only an unarguable, stubborn fact. Still, speaking of facts, there are so many measurements and indicators of how the economy is doing, that those not committed to an honest investigation can find evidence for whatever they want to believe. Trump and his most committed followers want to believe that everything was terrible under Barack Obama and great under Trump. That’s baloney. Anyone who believes that believes something false. And a series of charts and graphs published Monday in the Washington Post and explained by Economics Correspondent Heather Long provides the data that tells the tale. The details are complicated. Click through to the link above and you’ll learn much. But the overview is pretty simply this: The U.S. economy had a major meltdown in the last year of the George W. Bush presidency. Again, I’m not smart enough to know how much of this was Bush’s “fault.” But he had been in office for six years when the trouble started. So, if it’s ever reasonable to hold a president accountable for the performance of the economy, the timeline is bad for Bush. GDP growth went negative. Job growth fell sharply and then went negative. Median household income shrank. The Dow Jones Industrial Average dropped by more than 5,000 points! U.S. manufacturing output plunged, as did average home values, as did average hourly wages, as did measures of consumer confidence and most other indicators of economic health. (Backup for that is contained in the Post piece I linked to above.) Barack Obama inherited that mess of falling numbers, which continued during his first year in office, 2009, as he put in place policies designed to turn it around. By 2010, Obama’s second year, pretty much all of the negative numbers had turned positive. By the time Obama was up for reelection in 2012, all of them were headed in the right direction, which is certainly among the reasons voters gave him a second term by a solid (not landslide) margin. Basically, all of those good numbers continued throughout the second Obama term. The U.S. GDP, probably the single best measure of how the economy is doing, grew by 2.9 percent in 2015, which was Obama’s seventh year in office and was the best GDP growth number since before the crash of the late Bush years. GDP growth slowed to 1.6 percent in 2016, which may have been among the indicators that supported Trump’s campaign-year argument that everything was going to hell and only he could fix it. During the first year of Trump, GDP growth grew to 2.4 percent, which is decent but not great and anyway, a reasonable person would acknowledge that — to the degree that economic performance is to the credit or blame of the president — the performance in the first year of a new president is a mixture of the old and new policies. In Trump’s second year, 2018, the GDP grew 2.9 percent, equaling Obama’s best year, and so far in 2019, the growth rate has fallen to 2.1 percent, a mediocre number and a decline for which Trump presumably accepts no responsibility and blames either Nancy Pelosi, Ilhan Omar or, if he can swing it, Barack Obama. I suppose it’s natural for a president to want to take credit for everything good that happens on his (or someday her) watch, but not the blame for anything bad. Trump is more blatant about this than most. If we judge by his bad but remarkably steady approval ratings (today, according to the average maintained by 538.com, it’s 41.9 approval/ 53.7 disapproval) the pretty-good economy is not winning him new supporters, nor is his constant exaggeration of his accomplishments costing him many old ones). I already offered it above, but the full Washington Post workup of these numbers, and commentary/explanation by economics correspondent Heather Long, are here. On a related matter, if you care about what used to be called fiscal conservatism, which is the belief that federal debt and deficit matter, here’s a New York Times analysis, based on Congressional Budget Office data, suggesting that the annual budget deficit (that’s the amount the government borrows every year reflecting that amount by which federal spending exceeds revenues) which fell steadily during the Obama years, from a peak of $1.4 trillion at the beginning of the Obama administration, to $585 billion in 2016 (Obama’s last year in office), will be back up to $960 billion this fiscal year, and back over $1 trillion in 2020. (Here’s the New York Times piece detailing those numbers.) Trump is currently floating various tax cuts for the rich and the poor that will presumably worsen those projections, if passed. As the Times piece reported: