Citation Machine

The Good Companions is a vibrant organization where friendships are developed and opportunities are endless?. Buy Online keeping the car safe transaction. Artificial intelligence (AI) has experienced rapid growth over the past few years, moving from the experimental to the implementation phase in various fields, including medicine. KnightCite is made possible by displaying online advertisements to our visitors. Below are some examples: Try to find as much information as possible when citing an image and include it in the citation. Citation Machine™ helps students and professionals properly credit the information that they use. In this article, we will focus on in-text citations. Highly dimensional data generated from bacterial whole genome sequencing is providing unprecedented scale of information that requires appropriate statistical frameworks of analysis to infer biological function from bacterial genomic populations. According to Webster's New Collegiate Dictionary, the word "plagiarize" can mean trying to pass off someone else's ideas, work or words as your own, or using those ideas, work or words without giving due credit to the. The Advantages of MLA Website Citation Machine – Generator. Machine learning provides these, developing methods that can automatically detect patterns in data and then use the uncovered patterns to predict future data. The Need for Online Machine Guarding Training. Welcome to the Citation Machine Support Center! What can we help you with?. State Statute 36. org, home of the Citation Style Language (CSL), a popular open XML-based language to describe the formatting of citations and bibliographies. Use Cite This For Me's FREE APA citation generator to get accurate citations in seconds. Citation Business Jets. Sewing Machine Manuals Terms - Conditions & Ordering Instructions : 1-To Order Just click the "add to cart" button on any page. Begin typing (e. Please try again later. But if a copied phrase is pasted in a writing, take advantage of our citation builder free. If You Need to Create a Correct List of the Used Literature for Your Finished Paper Work ⇒ Check Our Online Citation Machine Generator Using APA Format For Free | WritingPeak. Pubmed IDs are the most reliable way of getting an accurate, fully-formated citation using this tool. The Best Free Online Bibliography And Citation Tools Free online bibliography and citation tools have become an integral part of every eLearning project, especially if you are on a tight eLearning budget. To cancel your Citation Machine Plus subscription: 1. Citation Game - MLA Master Blaster. If you're not sure which person, persons, or entity authored the document, place the microfiche in a reader machine and check the document's title page. com is a citation generator website that was created to facilitate student's life. Look Up Citation Formats learn APA, MLA, and Chicago citation styles. Poverty, AIDS, and street children in East Africa. Citation Machine. Synonym Discussion of citation. BibMe Free Bibliography & Citation Maker - MLA, APA, Chicago, Harvard. Citation Support is Nashville’s one-stop shop for lighting, grip, trucks, and other studio and location resources. PetroCite SPE Citation Generator will always be FREE for all petroleum engineers in universities and industry. MLA Style, 8th ed. , please exclude the special characters when searching by license plate number. In-Text Citation Guide What are in-text citations? An in-text citation is a citation within your writing to show where you found your information, facts, quotes, and research. Our company's team has done its best to design online software that generates in-text citations and reference pages in the blink of an eye. In addition, you will be able to format references in 1000+ styles -- including APA, MLA, Chicago, Turabian, Medical School styles, Anthropological Journal Styles, and Bluebook (for Legal Documents). Citation Machine helps students and professional researchers to properly credit the information. eBay determines this price through a machine-learned model of the product's sale prices within the last 90 days. with at least one of the words. 26 Minor misdemeanor citation. landmark-project. I finished. an official request for someone to appear in a law court: 3. Introduction ASM uses a citation-sequence system. The Best Way to Choose the Very Best APA Format. This is where Son Of A Citation Machine comes in. The site easily creates citations for a variety of print and non-print formats in APA, MLA, Turabian, and Chicago styles. Incidental references ought to be set toward the finish of the sentence, before the period, when an asset has been utilized. But if a copied phrase is pasted in a writing, take advantage of our citation builder free. Here are four commonly used style systems of documentation. Generate bibliographies/works cited pages for books - just enter the ISBN(s) of the book(s) you've cited in your paper. Norton & Company has been independent since its founding in 1923, when William Warder Norton and Margaret D. The following examples illustrate the notes and bibliography style. Browse our citations resources as well only with Cite. OWL Purdue Online Writing Lab. Book: single author Elster, Jon 1989 Nuts and Bolts for the Social Sciences. Citation provides support when you need it most so ring now to find out more. The APA Format. Apr 25, 2011CiteMaker is the smarter citation machine and bibliography maker for formatting student assignment referencing in APA, Harvard, MLA, and Oxford footnotes on PC, iPad iOS, and Android tablets. The Gold Medal 2001 Citation has a forced air popcorn crisping system that will keep your popcorn warmer, and fresher than most "average" popcorn machines. Full Guide for APA Citation and Format to Use When Writing Research Papers. Citations let your professor, or anyone else who reads your work, find the items you used in your research. Traffic Ticket Resource - pay your fine, ticket dismissal, traffic school and defensive driving options. These OWL resources will help you conduct research using primary source methods, such as interviews and observations, and secondary source methods, such as books, journals, and the Internet. Casino slot machine hire dostihy a sázky It is full offline Installer and standalone setup of Sony Vegas Pro 12 for 32 bit 64 bit PC. Author names are automatically expanded to account for varying initials, e. the citation that is created is the son. Citing your sources orally lets your audience know that you have researched your topic. The Oregon School Library Information System (OSLIS) Web site provides access to online subscriber databases, links to full-text books online, links to good sites for homework help, and how-to pages for learning about searching and researching on the Web. The Libraries welcomes learners and scholars from all cultures and backgrounds. APA Format Citation Guide. Citation Business Jets. This in-depth comparison of citationmachine. Gather all your source(s) before you enter the Son of Citation Machine website. Hi, I’m Mick Schroeder, A Health Informatics Consultant / Pharmacist in Brooklyn, NY. High Quality Engraving. Full Guide for APA Citation and Format to Use When Writing Research Papers. Other well known citation styles include MLA and Chicago. This guide provides basic information on how to cite sources and examples for formatting citations in common citation styles. You may omit any field. The Oregon School Library Information System (OSLIS) Web site provides access to online subscriber databases, links to full-text books online, links to good sites for homework help, and how-to pages for learning about searching and researching on the Web. Cal/OSHA; Archive of Notable Citations Issued from 2010 to 2016. com is the biggest database of aviation photographs with over 4 million screened photos online!. Automatic Bibliography Maker Build a bibliography or works cited page the easy way. It is essential that citations to legal materials follow a standard format so that anyone using a law library may find the resources cited. Machine learning provides these, developing methods that can automatically detect patterns in data and then use the uncovered patterns to predict future data. Home; About. Challenges I ran into. Copy and paste a formatted citation (APA, Chicago, Harvard, MLA, or Vancouver) or use one of the links to import into your bibliography management tool. " I purchased a soda vending machine from you and I’m back to purchase a popcorn machine and some popcorn to pop. To cancel your Citation Machine Plus subscription: 1. Delivering access to bibliographic and citation information from scholarly literature published in Malaysian journals, conference proceedings, chapters in books and theses in the sciences, technology, medicine, social sciences and the Humanities. The Williams Honor System requires you to properly acknowledge sources you have used in course assignments. Google Groups ~~~~~ CITATION MACHINE ~~~~~ Fern BENVENUTO: Oct 9, 2009 9:20 AM: con of citation machine citation popcorn machine parts citation of machine. Choose the citation format you require and then click the resource you wish to cite from the left. Input either a PubMed ID or the URL of the abstract page for the article. Abstract Objective Accurate prediction of the responses of rheumatoid arthritis patients can provide valuable information for effective drug selection. where my words occur. This is a complete guide to APA (American Psychological Association) in-text and reference list citations. Here's a step-by-step walkthrough to quick and easy citations. Online Citation Machine - Kingcitation. Choose the citation format you require and then click the resource you wish to cite from the left. Cite sources in APA, MLA, Chicago, Turabian, and Harvard for free. To cancel your Citation Machine Plus subscription: 1. GOVERNMENT PUBLICATIONS Citation requirements for government publications are similar to those for books. A citation is not a warrant and a refusal to comply with it is normally not a crime. Contact Citation - Call us on 0345 234 0404 or request a call back. Citation management tools allow you to store and organize citations and files, as well as to create bibliographies formatted in major citation styles (MLA, APA, Chicago, etc. This is an extremely common kind of citation (often 30-50% of my references page) and is hard to get right because of the many components to such a cite. , the second and subsequent lines of an entry should be indented one-half inch from the margin). On the left side click on APA, MLA, Turbian or Chicago for the formatting style you need. If you are writing ordinary papers then the information that is provided here about generating citations will not be applicable for you. CitationStyles. Citefast is a FREE APA, MLA and Chicago citation generator. Citation Support is Nashville’s one-stop shop for lighting, grip, trucks, and other studio and location resources. Welcome to the Citation Machine Support Center! What can we help you with?. The Citation CJ4 is the ultimate single-pilot jet, delivering more of what matters to you - increased range, speed and payload. Automatic Bibliography Maker Build a bibliography or works cited page the easy way. Jump to: Citing the Constitution It is very important when writing a paper for a school project (at any level, from elementary school to graduate school) to properly cite your sources. If your license plate contains special characters such as :#&+= etc. These two systems are also sometimes referred to as Chicago-style citations, because they are the same as the ones presented in The Chicago Manual of Style. Please try again later. Citation Machine™ helps students and professionals properly credit the information that they use. The number and diversity of citation styles reflect different priorities with respect to concision, readability, dates, authors, publications, and, of course, style. Instantly create online citations, bibliography page, works cited page and much more using MLA, APA, Chicago and more. The following examples illustrate the notes and bibliography style. You try to find out the reason for receiving a bad feedback from your professor, for instance, it might be the insufficient preparation, unreliable sources, or anything else. Citation Business Jets. Do you need to learn various ways to make your essay better through proper formatting?. MLA Citation Format Adapted from the MLA Handbook, 7th edition. Citation Machine helps students and professional researchers to properly credit the information. How to Cite a Quote. Copy and paste a formatted citation (APA, Chicago, Harvard, MLA, or Vancouver) or use one of the links to import into your bibliography management tool. Our company’s team has done its best to design online software that generates in-text citations and reference pages in the blink of an eye. APA requires that the entire paper be double-spaced, including all the lines in the reference list. Click on the Account link in the upper right. Summons to a person to appear before a court at a specified place and time to answer a particular charge. Abstract Objective Accurate prediction of the responses of rheumatoid arthritis patients can provide valuable information for effective drug selection. A citation is not a warrant and a refusal to comply with it is normally not a crime. A no-nonsense reference collection and bibliography creation tool for people who value simplicity, privacy, and speed. Instantly create online citations, bibliography page, works cited page and much more using MLA, APA, Chicago and more. where my words occur. (A) Notwithstanding any other provision of the Revised Code, when a law enforcement officer is otherwise authorized to arrest a person for the commission of a minor misdemeanor, the officer shall not arrest the person, but shall issue a citation, unless one of the following applies:. Now in its 10 th edition, AMA Citation was first introduced in the AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors and is the cornerstone of writing style for the American Medical Association. American Psychological Association (APA) citation style from the Purdue OWL; Modern Language Association (MLA) citation style from the Purdue OWL. Click on the Account link in the upper right. Free citation machine for any format and source. A guide to how to handle your moving violation. Gather all your source(s) before you enter the Son of Citation Machine website. Now supports 7th edition of MLA. I purchased a soda vending machine from you and I'm back to purchase a popcorn machine and some popcorn to. To cancel your Citation Machine Plus subscription: 1. Students and writers of research papers are generally required to use the MLA citation style if they are writing a topic that falls under the category of literature, literary criticism, philosophy, languages, or any of the major subjects in liberal arts and studies. Select the type of resource below and fill out the information. The National Library of Medicine® (NLM®) uses the ANSI/NISO Z39. The authority on APA Style and the 6th edition of the APA Publication Manual. Begin typing (e. Referencing on-line material can be difficult at times due to the large number of documents appearing on the web every single minute. Building a bibliography within a click. Cessna 525 Citation CJ3. Over 20,000 clients rely on our legal experts for 24/7 assistance. Library Learning Services fosters foundational learning experiences leading researchers to become critical information creators and consumers as they prepare for advance academic pursuits and their futures as engaged learners. Deluxe Citation 16 oz. The number and diversity of citation styles reflect different priorities with respect to concision, readability, dates, authors, publications, and, of course, style. Use this tool to find PubMed citations. The Best Way to Choose the Very Best APA Format. Son of Citation Machine is a great resource for making citations in MLA, APA, Turabian, and Chicago citation styles. State Statute 36. Please try again later. The citation style to use is determined by your professor, or if you are submitting a manuscript, by the journal or publisher. The authority on APA Style and the 6th edition of the APA Publication Manual. Get corrections from Grammarly while you write on Gmail, Twitter, LinkedIn, and all your other favorite sites. Its primary goal is to make it so easy for student researchers to cite their information sources, that there is virtually no reason not to — because. Author names are automatically expanded to account for varying initials, e. When you think your answer is correct, click on "Check" to check your answer. Check out our other citation guides on MLA 8 and Harvard referencing. Cal/OSHA; Archive of Notable Citations Issued from 2010 to 2016. Images, diagrams and other visual artistic works should be cited as any other type of work. This is an extremely common kind of citation (often 30-50% of my references page) and is hard to get right because of the many components to such a cite. Online Citation Machine - Kingcitation. Cambridge University Press, New York. Click on the Account link in the upper right. We help cities, counties, universities, colleges, and other agencies collect payment on outstanding debt. Popper, electric, stainless steel kettle, pre-wired for popping oil dispensing system, LED illuminated dome, 120v/60/1-ph, 2375 watts, NEMA 5-30P. TIP: Don't see your Bookmarks Bar? For Safari and Firefox click your 'View' menu and then 'Show Bookmarks bar'. Introduction ASM uses a citation-sequence system. Its primary goal is to make it so easy for student researchers to cite their information sources, that there is virtually no reason not to — because. Summons to a person to appear before a court at a specified place and time to answer a particular charge. The CSE citation style is frequently used in the Natural Sciences (Biology, Chemistry, Geology, Mathematics, Physics). Chicago (Author-Date Style), 17th ed. com is a citation generator website that was created to facilitate student’s life. General notes on APA style. Son of Citation Machine helps students write a reference page for MLA, APA, Chicago, and Turabian styles. , please exclude the special characters when searching by license plate number. activeRequest. Campus Services. Website overview: Since 1996 the Study Guides and Strategies Website has been researched, authored, maintained and supported as an international, learner-centric, educational public service. [David Warlick] -- Slate Citation Machine. You may omit any field. A machine (or mechanical device) is a mechanical structure that uses power to apply forces and control movement to perform an intended action. More precisely, a citation is an abbreviated alphanumeric expression embedded in the body of an intellectual work that denotes an entry in the bibliographic references section of the work for the purpose of acknowledging the relevance of the works of others to the topic of discussion at the spot where the citation appears. A works cited generator finds information from across the web to automatically create a full bibliography that helps you cite all of the sources used in an academic paper. Print and Electronic Publications. Curriculum Vitae. The Machine! Remember that Bentham claimed the following, Pleasure and only pleasure is good. There is a new citation feature in Google Docs, Sheets, and Slide that lets you insert a citation in MLA, APA, and Chicago format for articles and links you find in Google Explore. University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. com is the smarter citation machine and bibliography maker for formatting student assignment referencing in APA, Harvard, MLA, and Oxford footnotes on PC, iPad iOS, and Android tablets. Cambridge University Press, New York. The free online MLA citation maker with in-text citation generator and automatic worldcat OCLC citation machine lookup!. Our elegant fleet of private jets is designed to fit a wide range of mission requirements with uncompromising style, comfort, and reliability. , the second and subsequent lines of an entry should be indented one-half inch from the margin). official praise for a person in the armed forces for brave actions:. Q&A for Ubuntu users and developers. Son of citation is an online tool that helps you create proper citations when using others work. How does a WebCite ®-enhanced reference look like?. Chicago Manual of Style Online. PDF; ePub; Mobi; WHAT AND WHY? Introduction; Purposes of Legal Citation; Types of Citation Principles; Levels of Mastery; Citation in Transition; Who Sets Citation Norms; HOW TO CITE Electronic Resources; Judicial Opinions; Constitutions & Statutes; Agency & Exec. Tensor-Flow uses dataflow graphs to represent computation, shared state, and the operations that mutate that state. Two or more works by the same author or authors should be listed chronologically. Citation Machine. Citation machine helps properly credit sources. What are the best datasets for machine learning and data science? After reviewing datasets hours after hours, we have created a great cheat sheet for HQ, and diverse machine learning datasets. The site easily creates citations for a variety of print and non-print formats in APA, MLA, Turabian, and Chicago styles. The free online MLA citation maker with in-text citation generator and automatic worldcat OCLC citation machine lookup!. [David Warlick] -- Slate Citation Machine. citation machine, Pianito MicroStudio 3. We offer a free citation machine for use by anyone – students at any level of study, teachers, professors, or any other professional who must cite resources that have been used in a report, paper, journal article, and more. GOVERNMENT PUBLICATIONS Citation requirements for government publications are similar to those for books. Curriculum Vitae. Conducting Research. en-GB for English, Great Britain) or use the drop down menu. Every reference cited in the text of your document should be included in the reference list. Generate bibliographies/works cited pages for books - just enter the ISBN(s) of the book(s) you've cited in your paper. This tool is built to generate bibliographic citations in accordance with the SBL Handbook of Style, Second Edition (2014). Aug 19th, 2019 18 Popular Sites Like Citationmachine Our bot has scanned through the internet and turned up a lot of high-quality citation and reference sites like Citationmachine. Referencing on-line material can be difficult at times due to the large number of documents appearing on the web every single minute. KingCitation. Citation Business Jets. A Zebra Technologies White Paper 2 Electronic citation systems enable law enforcement agencies to meet ever-growing data collection and reporting requirements without compromising officer. Robert Nozick, "The Experience Machine" I. The MLA Style Center, the only authorized Web site on MLA style, provides free resources on research, writing, and documentation. The President, in the name of Congress, has awarded more than 3,400 Medals of Honor to our nation's bravest Soldiers, Sailors, Airmen, Marines, and Coast Guardsmen since the decoration's creation in 1861. Ask a Librarian Librarians can help with the simple and complex. Gold Medal Citation 16 oz popcorn machine replacement parts. Contact Citation - Call us on 0345 234 0404 or request a call back. Hundreds of local clerks are using outdated computer systems and aren't installing security patches on their current systems, leaving Wisconsin's election system vulnerable to potentially devastating cyberattacks, state elections. Citation Machine helps students and professional researchers to properly credit the information. This is a pre-loaded JAMA citation style for EndNote, correctly formatted for use by UCF COM medical students. Generate NLM style citations for articles in PubMed and books in Google Books. author and title of the cited webpage, if known), the cited URL, and a WebCite ® URL. This tool is a free citation generator online available for everyone. Input either a PubMed ID or the URL of the abstract page for the article. AMA Citation Guide The History of AMA Citation. Citus Legalus is an automated Bluebook citation generator for lazy law students. This is a complete guide to APA (American Psychological Association) in-text and reference list citations. 52,246 likes · 15 talking about this. Chicago Style Simplified. 1 Now, consider the following thought experiment. org, home of the Citation Style Language (CSL), a popular open XML-based language to describe the formatting of citations and bibliographies. Notes and Bibliography: Sample Citations. Below are some examples for citing reports available from various business focused databases. In addition, you will be able to format references in 1000+ styles -- including APA, MLA, Chicago, Turabian, Medical School styles, Anthropological Journal Styles, and Bluebook (for Legal Documents). For every in-text citation in your paper, there must be a corresponding entry in your reference list. University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. Gold Medal Citation 16 oz popcorn machine replacement parts. In other words, it is a system or machine, which automatically turns all your content into chosen citations immediately. For every in-text citation in your paper, there must be a corresponding entry in your reference list. Some General Rules Which Style? APA, MLA and Chicago There are three major styles used when citing works—American Psychological Association (APA) style, Modern Language Association (MLA) style and the style taken from the Chicago Manual of Style (for the purpose of this guide will be referred to as Chicago). The APA citation style was developed by the American Psychological Association, and it is the standardized method for formatting APA citations in the reference page in the field of social sciences, particularly in psychology, criminology, education, business, and the nursing profession. Grows with students, novice to expert. Each one will teach you the structure of a Chicago-style citation, followed by a real-life citation example for you to examine. com is a bibliography maker that will streamline the process of bibliography creation in the required style. You can then get a citation for any URL that you visit with one click. Its intended use is for instructors and students. You may view all data sets through our searchable interface. How to Cite an Online Article. But if a copied phrase is pasted in a writing, take advantage of our citation builder free. American Psychological Association (APA) citation style from the Purdue OWL; Modern Language Association (MLA) citation style from the Purdue OWL. People making academic and research papers can produce citations utilizing citation makers for their academic papers and other papers like scientific documents. We are currently using the 16th version of it. Here are four commonly used style systems of documentation. The Oxford University Standard for Citation of Legal Authorities is designed to facilitate accurate citation of authorities, legislation, and other legal materials. If you are writing ordinary papers then the information that is provided here about generating citations will not be applicable for you. This citation guide will help you cite sources flawlessly and efficiently in APA format. LINK TO SITE This site is a great aid for writing research papers, scholarly articles, and assignments. Author names are automatically expanded to account for varying initials, e. State Statute 36. Click on the Account link in the upper right. Use this tool to find PubMed citations. Citation machine helps students and professional researchers to properly credit the information that they use. Used by students and professionals. However this method is now obsolete and unpractical. How to Format an Essay: Expert Tips to Enhance Your College Writing. Copy and paste your text into the online editor, then mark a word or phrase to create a citation in the APA, MLA, or the Chicago (CMOS) format. NLM citation style for books with an author(s) A single author with first name given: Lugalla, James B. This site is designed to introduce you to citing information in a variety of citation styles. Visit our website to use the quickest and most effective citation machine that you will find online to get all of your referencing done perfectly in any style. In other words, it is a system or machine, which automatically turns all your content into chosen citations immediately. Challenges I ran into. [David Warlick] -- Slate Citation Machine. Citation Machine Proudly Presented by Make citation, Citation generator for MLA, APA Chicago/Turabian, Harvard,and all styles. APA Format Citation Guide. A paper commonly used in various courts—such as a probate, matrimonial, or traffic court—that is served upon an individual to notify him or her that he or she is required to appear at a specific time and place. Over 20,000 clients rely on our legal experts for 24/7 assistance. Abstract Objective Accurate prediction of the responses of rheumatoid arthritis patients can provide valuable information for effective drug selection. The National Information Standards Organization (NISO) is a non-profit association accredited by the. Parenthetical documentation or in-text citations tells the reader where you got any and all information that did not come from inside your own head. Citus Legalus is an automated Bluebook citation generator for lazy law students. The journal publishes articles reporting substantive results on a wide. com is the smarter citation machine and bibliography maker for formatting student assignment referencing in APA, Harvard, MLA, and Oxford footnotes on PC, iPad iOS, and Android tablets. See also the online version of the Chicago Manual of Style. The National Library of Medicine® (NLM®) uses the ANSI/NISO Z39. Citation Machine. Sample notes show full citations followed by shortened forms that would be used after the first citation. Note Cards. org, home of the Citation Style Language (CSL), a popular open XML-based language to describe the formatting of citations and bibliographies. For every in-text citation in your paper, there must be a corresponding entry in your reference list. Casino slot machine hire dostihy a sázky It is full offline Installer and standalone setup of Sony Vegas Pro 12 for 32 bit 64 bit PC. In other words, it is a system or machine, which automatically turns all your content into chosen citations immediately. Contact Citation - Call us on 0345 234 0404 or request a call back. Because you are specifying the date of airing, you would then use WB Television Network (rather than Mutant Enemy), because it was the network (rather than the production company) that aired the episode on the date you're citing. Pubmed IDs are the most reliable way of getting an accurate, fully-formated citation using this tool. Citemaker CiteMaker Citation Machine. Cite your sources both in-text and at the end of your paper. citations, research. Citing your sources orally lets your audience know that you have researched your topic. However, if you are discussing, for example, the historical context in which the episode originally aired, you should cite the full date. com is the smarter citation machine and bibliography maker for formatting student assignment referencing in APA, Harvard, MLA, and Oxford footnotes on PC, iPad iOS, and Android tablets. Our elegant fleet of private jets is designed to fit a wide range of mission requirements with uncompromising style, comfort, and reliability. This guide provides basic information on how to cite sources and examples for formatting citations in common citation styles. ALWD Citation Manual; eBooks. Citation formats for the journal, Ecology Author: annwatkins Last modified by: annwatkins Created Date: 2/17/2004 8:56:00 PM Company: Rutgers University Libraries Other titles: Citation formats for the journal, Ecology. NPR published an exclusive interview on May 30 with. This easy-to-use, comprehensive guide makes citing any source easy. Citation Business Jets. Cite sources in APA, MLA, Chicago, Turabian, and Harvard for free. The journal publishes articles reporting substantive results on a wide. A one-of-a-kind web app for converting academic citations between competing formats, inluding tools for converting both single and multiple citations. The fact-checkers, whose work is more and more important for those who prefer facts over lies, police the line between fact and falsehood on a day-to-day basis, and do a great job. Today, my small contribution is to pass along a very good overview that reflects on one of Trump’s favorite overarching falsehoods. Namely: Trump describes an America in which everything was going down the tubes under  Obama, which is why we needed Trump to make America great again. And he claims that this project has come to fruition, with America setting records for prosperity under his leadership and guidance. “Obama bad; Trump good” is pretty much his analysis in all areas and measurement of U.S. activity, especially economically. Even if this were true, it would reflect poorly on Trump’s character, but it has the added problem of being false, a big lie made up of many small ones. Personally, I don’t assume that all economic measurements directly reflect the leadership of whoever occupies the Oval Office, nor am I smart enough to figure out what causes what in the economy. But the idea that presidents get the credit or the blame for the economy during their tenure is a political fact of life. Trump, in his adorable, immodest mendacity, not only claims credit for everything good that happens in the economy, but tells people, literally and specifically, that they have to vote for him even if they hate him, because without his guidance, their 401(k) accounts “will go down the tubes.” That would be offensive even if it were true, but it is utterly false. The stock market has been on a 10-year run of steady gains that began in 2009, the year Barack Obama was inaugurated. But why would anyone care about that? It’s only an unarguable, stubborn fact. Still, speaking of facts, there are so many measurements and indicators of how the economy is doing, that those not committed to an honest investigation can find evidence for whatever they want to believe. Trump and his most committed followers want to believe that everything was terrible under Barack Obama and great under Trump. That’s baloney. Anyone who believes that believes something false. And a series of charts and graphs published Monday in the Washington Post and explained by Economics Correspondent Heather Long provides the data that tells the tale. The details are complicated. Click through to the link above and you’ll learn much. But the overview is pretty simply this: The U.S. economy had a major meltdown in the last year of the George W. Bush presidency. Again, I’m not smart enough to know how much of this was Bush’s “fault.” But he had been in office for six years when the trouble started. So, if it’s ever reasonable to hold a president accountable for the performance of the economy, the timeline is bad for Bush. GDP growth went negative. Job growth fell sharply and then went negative. Median household income shrank. The Dow Jones Industrial Average dropped by more than 5,000 points! U.S. manufacturing output plunged, as did average home values, as did average hourly wages, as did measures of consumer confidence and most other indicators of economic health. (Backup for that is contained in the Post piece I linked to above.) Barack Obama inherited that mess of falling numbers, which continued during his first year in office, 2009, as he put in place policies designed to turn it around. By 2010, Obama’s second year, pretty much all of the negative numbers had turned positive. By the time Obama was up for reelection in 2012, all of them were headed in the right direction, which is certainly among the reasons voters gave him a second term by a solid (not landslide) margin. Basically, all of those good numbers continued throughout the second Obama term. The U.S. GDP, probably the single best measure of how the economy is doing, grew by 2.9 percent in 2015, which was Obama’s seventh year in office and was the best GDP growth number since before the crash of the late Bush years. GDP growth slowed to 1.6 percent in 2016, which may have been among the indicators that supported Trump’s campaign-year argument that everything was going to hell and only he could fix it. During the first year of Trump, GDP growth grew to 2.4 percent, which is decent but not great and anyway, a reasonable person would acknowledge that — to the degree that economic performance is to the credit or blame of the president — the performance in the first year of a new president is a mixture of the old and new policies. In Trump’s second year, 2018, the GDP grew 2.9 percent, equaling Obama’s best year, and so far in 2019, the growth rate has fallen to 2.1 percent, a mediocre number and a decline for which Trump presumably accepts no responsibility and blames either Nancy Pelosi, Ilhan Omar or, if he can swing it, Barack Obama. I suppose it’s natural for a president to want to take credit for everything good that happens on his (or someday her) watch, but not the blame for anything bad. Trump is more blatant about this than most. If we judge by his bad but remarkably steady approval ratings (today, according to the average maintained by 538.com, it’s 41.9 approval/ 53.7 disapproval) the pretty-good economy is not winning him new supporters, nor is his constant exaggeration of his accomplishments costing him many old ones). I already offered it above, but the full Washington Post workup of these numbers, and commentary/explanation by economics correspondent Heather Long, are here. On a related matter, if you care about what used to be called fiscal conservatism, which is the belief that federal debt and deficit matter, here’s a New York Times analysis, based on Congressional Budget Office data, suggesting that the annual budget deficit (that’s the amount the government borrows every year reflecting that amount by which federal spending exceeds revenues) which fell steadily during the Obama years, from a peak of $1.4 trillion at the beginning of the Obama administration, to $585 billion in 2016 (Obama’s last year in office), will be back up to $960 billion this fiscal year, and back over $1 trillion in 2020. (Here’s the New York Times piece detailing those numbers.) Trump is currently floating various tax cuts for the rich and the poor that will presumably worsen those projections, if passed. As the Times piece reported: